https://talenta.usu.ac.id/IJNS/issue/feed Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science 2020-02-24T16:42:08+07:00 Roxsana Devi Tumanggor roxsana.tumanggor@usu.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p>Journal of Caring:&nbsp; Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science is an internationally targeted official publication with indexed by Scopus. It publishes peer reviewed articles online in an open access format. The journal will encourage both empirical and theoretical contributions that advance nursing in practice in clinic and research. This journal is a connection from the previous journal with name&nbsp; Jurnal Riset Keperawatan Indonesia published by Faculty of Nursing University of Sumatera Utara in August 2013. It is a peer-reviewed journal, has both online and print versions and ISSNs. It represents the initiative and effort of the members of the Faculty of Nursing University of Sumatera Utara. The purpose of this Journal is to bring together researcher, lecturer, practitioners, health policy maker, and students interested in health science, health environment and technology and caring in the field of nursing science research. The publication is particularly committed to the development of interpretative approaches to the above mentioned issues. It does not restrict its remit to any particular methodological or theoretical orientation, but publishes both scholarly papers and more speculative pieces designed to further understanding and debate. Faculty of Nursing is committed to publish scholarly research and informed commentaries on a wide category of medical surgical, health and Science,&nbsp; research,&nbsp; education and clinical. It welcomes contributions from the growing numbers of scholars and practitioners across nursing Science who are interested in education and practice.</p> https://talenta.usu.ac.id/IJNS/article/view/2051 Effectiveness of Suctioning and Factors Affecting ; A Systematic Review 2020-02-24T16:42:08+07:00 Hendy Lesmana hendylesmana2@gmail.com <p><span lang="EN">Suction is a routine action performed by nurses who work in a critical care setting. every patient who has decreased consciousness and installed a definitive air way will always get a suction action that is useful for keeping the airway free of mucus so that airway patency is maintained. The purpose of this literature review is to identify and summarize the results of research and books on factors that influence the effectiveness of suction. This study is a literature review that tries to find and explore more information about the effectiveness of suction. The method used in this literature review begins with topic selection, keyword determination to search journals through the Google Scholar, Ebscho, and Pro Quest databases. The articles used were 16 articles and 7 books. Literature search results obtained namely; factors affecting the effectiveness of suction are; assessment before performing suction, pre hyperoxygenation measures, effective suction pressure regulation, suction canule size must pay attention to the ETT diameter / size, suction action time 10-15 seconds for adults and 5 seconds for infants and children, suction techniques and must consider volume and mucus viscosity. The conclusion in conducting effective suction, nurses must pay attention to these 7 factors rather in the implementation of suction actions to be more effective and avoid unwanted side effects.</span></p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science https://talenta.usu.ac.id/IJNS/article/view/2860 Health and Social Problems in Indonesian Elderly. How Can Health Care System To Overcome ? 2020-02-24T16:42:05+07:00 Iwan Rusdi iwan.rusdi@gmail.com <p>Increasing elderly population is a problem in Indonesia. Many problems faced in elderly. &nbsp;Elderly are high risk to experience a disease or illness. As well as, long term care is needed for release the disease. A changing in biopsychosocial also important for service provider to control the effect. Collaboration and partnerships is useful to develop strengthening in creating health care system. Furthermore, policy maker and service provider are also better able to review and refine their existing measure, policies, product and geriatric service, which&nbsp; target elderly population in Indonesia.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science https://talenta.usu.ac.id/IJNS/article/view/3248 Phenomenology Study: The Experiences of Nurses in Community To Involving Parents, Teen, And Peers To Prevention Free Sex Among Teenagers 2020-02-24T16:42:02+07:00 Budhi Mulyadi bemulyadi74@gmail.com Agung Waluyo bemulyadi74@gmail.com Dewi Irawati bemulyadi74@gmail.com Ede Surya Darmawan bemulyadi74@gmail.com <p>WHO reported that 30-50% of teenagers pregnance have until 19 year old in the world (2011) .in Indonesia, Teenagers having sex in Bandung, 54%, 51% Jakarta, and Surabaya 47% (JPNN, 2014). Campaign for teenagers condom use not accordance with Indonesian culture.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <br>Indonesia is not justified HIV prevention and teen pregnancy with condom use campaign. Phenomenological study method by in-depth interview nurses in the community about the experience of involving parents, teens, and peers to prevent free sex in adolescents. The result is that in order to prevent free sex in adolescents should involve parents, teens, and peers.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science https://talenta.usu.ac.id/IJNS/article/view/3249 Knowledge The Use of Continous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) In Neonatus 2020-02-24T16:41:59+07:00 Cristianti Dwi Irtanti tutichaidir18@gmail.com Tuti Asrianti Utami Soetadji tutichaidir18@gmail.com <p style="text-align: justify;"><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">CPAP</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> maintains the positive pressure of the baby's airways during spontaneous, simple, and effective breathing. The use of </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">CPAP</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> decreases breathing difficulties, reduces dependence on oxygen, helps repair and maintains lung residual capacity, prevents upper airway obstruction and prevents lung collapse. Good </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">CPAP</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> behaviour reduces the risk or complications that occur in </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">neonates</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> such as nasal injuries, </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">pneumothoracs</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> and gastric distension. The purpose of this study was to </span></span><span class="hiddensuggestion"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">determine</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> the relationship of knowledge with </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">CPAP</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> usage behaviour in </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">neonates</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> in the </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">NICU</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> room at X </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">Bekasi</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> Hospital and </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">Depok</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> Y Hospital. Quantitative research methods, descriptive analytic design. A total sampling of 30 nurse respondents worked in the </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">NICU</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> room in X </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">Bekasi</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> Hospital and </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">Depok</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> Y Hospital. Measuring instruments using a questionnaire. Statistical tests with Chi Square, </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">Kendals</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> Tau B and </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">Kendals</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> Tau C. The results of </span></span><span class="hiddengrammarerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">the majority of</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> respondents aged 26-35 years 53.3%, </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">D3</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> Nursing education 90%, working period between 1-5 years 40%, and those who have attended training 73 , 3%. There was no significant relationship between age (p = 0.136), education (p = 0.897), years of service (p = 0.099), training (p = 0.322), knowledge (p = 0.284) with </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">CPAP</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> usage behaviour in </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">neonates</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">. It </span></span><span class="hiddengrammarerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">is hoped</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> that this research can improve nurses 'knowledge in caring for </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">neonates</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> by using respiratory aids, </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">CPAP</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';"> by conducting continuous training to improve nurses' behaviour in preventing complications.Keywords: </span></span><span class="hiddenspellerror"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">neonates</span></span><span class="mceitemhidden"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: '&amp;quot','serif';">, knowledge, CPAP usage</span></span></p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science https://talenta.usu.ac.id/IJNS/article/view/3254 Family Characteristics That Suffer Stunting in the Work Area of The District Health Center Langkat 2020-02-24T16:41:56+07:00 Siti Saidah Nasution saidah.nasution@yahoo.com Bina Mellvia Girsang siti.saidah@usu.ac.id <p>Stunting is malnutrition a long time and have an adverse impact on health status, growth and development of children. Signs and symptoms of stunting is child's posture is short i.e. the height is not appropriate with age. Malnutrition in children is related to the characteristics of the family as a place of growing and the care of the child. This research is descriptive quantitative research with the aim to analyze the characteristics of families with children who suffer from stunting. The study population 136 as much as with the total sample of 30 mothers who have children and toddlers with simple random sampling. Data collection using a questionnaire, consisting of demographic data, the role of family function and health status associated with stunting. Data analysis univariate. The results of the research showed that the. The importance of assessing the characteristics of the family in the treatment in children and infants.</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science https://talenta.usu.ac.id/IJNS/article/view/2053 Factors Affecting The Main Hypertension Events in The Bukong Pandu Raya Village, West Kalimantan 2020-02-24T16:41:53+07:00 Sri Redjeki evi_sastro@yahoo.com G. Sri Redjeki gsriredjeki@yahoo.com Fulgensius Surianto gsriredjeki@yahoo.com <p>Hypertension contributes 9.4 million deaths from cardiovascular disease each year. The cause of hypertension is because some people have a bad lifestyle, people often do not maintain their diet and people often eat salted and fatty foods. The purpose of this research is to find out the factors that influence Primary Hypertension in Dusun Bukong, Pandu Raya Village, West Kalimantan in 2018. This research method used quantitative methods with descriptive correlation design and cross sectional approach. By using the Slovin formula a total sample of 197 respondents was obtained. The results of the study, by conducting a univariate analysis found that most respondents had a level of knowledge related to hypertension (62.9%), more than half had a good lifestyle (58.4%), income above the MSE (57.9%) and more of half had hypertension (54.9%). From the bivariate analysis using the Kendall's Tau B test and Kendall's Tau C, the results of the study are found: there is a significant relationship between the level of knowledge (p value = 0,000), lifestyle (p value = 0,000) and income (p value = 0.047) with the incidence of hypertension . Discussion: Knowledge, lifestyle and family income in Dusun Bukong, Pandu Raya village have a significant relationship with the incidence of hypertension, so that health workers are expected to continue to provide support and motivation to the community to continue to improve their knowledge and a healthy lifestyle.<br><br><br></p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science https://talenta.usu.ac.id/IJNS/article/view/2046 Factors Related to Community Knowledge of Rabies Management in Sintang, West Kalimantan 2020-02-24T16:41:50+07:00 Siska Evi Martina siskaevi21@gmail.com Blasius siskaevi21@gmail.com <p><em>Rabies is an acute infectious disease in central nervous system which is the effect of a zoonotic virus that&nbsp; spread through direct contact to the wound or mucosa by infected animal saliva or paw. Rabies virus has been transmitted to human through a animal’s rabies transmitters bite like dog, car, and ape. Indonesia is a Country with a high prevalence of rabies. The low level of knowledge and lack of source of informations lead rabies prevention still become a serious problem. Purpose of this research is to knowing factors that influence society level of knowledge about rabies handling in Desa Sekubang, Sintang, West espondent. This research using descriptive quantitative correlation method with cross sectional approaches. There are 146 patriarch respondent in Desa Sekubang that has been comply inclusion criteria. The research result show that 63,7% espondent age 20-40, 49,3% respondent only studied until elementary school, 86,3% got the information from healthcare workers, 91,1% has a risk environment, and 89% have a good knowledge. Kendall’s tau-c and Chi-square correlation test statistically have a relation between age (p=0,114), education (p=0,000), environment (p=0,000), information from healthcare workers and the level of knowledge about rabies handling.Therefore this research shows the source of information from healthcare workers is very important to increase knowledge of rabies handling.</em></p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science https://talenta.usu.ac.id/IJNS/article/view/3353 CHARACTERISTICS OF CANCER PATIENTS UNDERGOING CHEMOTHERAPY IN MURNI TEGUH HOSPITAL MEDAN 2020-02-24T16:41:47+07:00 Nunung Febriany Sitepu nunung.febriany@gmail.com Asrizal nunung.febriany.sitepu@usu.ac.id Lufthiani nunung.febriany.sitepu@usu.ac.id <p>Cancer is a group of diseases that occur due to changes in body cells into abnormal cells. Treatment of breast cancer takes a long time and has a negative impact on the physical and mental patients. The cause of patients not following chemotherapy treatment routinely and leaving the chemotherapy treatment schedule in one treatment cycle is because the patient's physical condition is not strong so he cannot continue treatment.&nbsp; Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in developing countries. Every year the number of cancer sufferers in the world increases to 6.25 million people. In developed countries, cancer is the second leading cause of death after card iovascular diseases.This research is descriptive quantitative research with the aim to analyze the characteristics of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy in murni teguh hospital medan.&nbsp; The study sample is 30 patient cancer with simple random sampling. . data collection using a questionnaire, consisting of demographic data cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, collect data in Murni Teguh Hospital Medan, April – September 2019.&nbsp;</p> 2019-12-29T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science