Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science <p>Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science is a national nursing journal published by TALENTA Publisher, Universitas Sumatera Utara and managed by Faculty of Nursing Universitas Sumatera Utara. It publishes peer reviewed articles online in an open access format. The journal will encourage both empirical and theoretical contributions that advance nursing in practice in clinic and research. This journal is a connection from the previous journal with name Jurnal Riset Keperawatan Indonesia published by Faculty of Nursing University of Sumatera Utara in August 2013. It is a peer-reviewed journal, has both online and print versions and ISSNs. It represents the initiative and effort of the members of the Faculty of Nursing University of Sumatera Utara. The purpose of this Journal is to bring together researcher, lecturer, practitioners, health policy maker, and students interested in health science, health environment and technology and caring in the field of nursing science research. The publication is particularly committed to the development of interpretative approaches to the above mentioned issues. It does not restrict its remit to any particular methodological or theoretical orientation, but publishes both scholarly papers and more speculative pieces designed to further understanding and debate. Faculty of Nursing is committed to publish scholarly research and informed commentaries on a wide category of medical surgical, health and Science, research, education and clinical. It welcomes contributions from the growing numbers of scholars and practitioners across nursing Science who are interested in education and practice.</p> en-US (Dina Rasmita) (Nugroho Syahputra) Sun, 31 Jul 2022 19:52:06 +0700 OJS 60 The Effect of Counseling to Mother's Knowledge on the Nutrition of Stunting <p>Stunting is an issue of nutrition in which malnutrition accumulates in the long term. 7.8 million of 23 million Indonesian toddlers have stunted. Stunting causes physical and mental deficiency in children, restricts cognitive development, affects health status in teenagers and adults, and even increases the risk of death. One of the means to resolve stunting is by counseling to develop the mother's knowledge of the nutrition needed for stunting children. This research aims to know the effect of counseling on a mother's knowledge level about the nutrition needed for stunting children. This is Quasy experiment research with a pretest-post- test with a control group design. Thirty-eight mothers participated in the sample selected by purposing sampling. They were divided into two groups of 19 people in it. An experimental group and a controlled group. The mothers tested their knowledge using a questionnaire that had undergone a validity and reliability test. The result shows that there is a difference in knowledge level between the post-test of an experimental group and the controlled group with a p-value of 0.000. It can be concluded that counseling affects the mother's knowledge level on the nutrition of stunting children in the Apitaik Village, East Lombok.</p> Ririnisahawaitun, Apriana Sartika Copyright (c) 2022 Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Spirituality Correlates with The Self- Confidence of Teenagers as Bullying Victim <p>Teenagers still encounter bullying, which affects their self-confidence lacking confidence. It is presumed that an internal factor, spirituality, coincides with the self- confidence of bullied teenagers. This research aims to analyze the relationship between spirituality and bullied teenagers' self-confidence. This is descriptive research using a cross- sectional design. The population is 47 teenagers who are bullied at SMP Islam Al-Irsyad Tawangmangu. Total sampling was used as the sample acquiring technique. The research use questionnaire of the Daily Spiritual Experience Scale and self-confidence. Kendall's Tau was used as a correlational test with a confidence level of 95% (α value = 0,05). The research shows that 31 respondents (66%) have a high spirituality and 26 respondents (53.3%) have an average level of self-confidence. Bullied teenagers have a high spiritualty and tend to have an average level of self-confidence, with 26 respondents (55.3%). Statistical test shows Kendall's Tau correlation coefficient (r-value) is 0.373 and p-value = 0.006 (p-value &lt; 0.05). An R-value 0.373 means that the relationship between spirituality and anxiety of bullied teenagers is feeble. There is a correlation between spirituality and the self-confidence of the bullied teenager. The researcher suggested that parents and schools should provide more extracurricular activities to improve teenagers' self-confidence.</p> Eka Oktavianto, Radha Idfit Istiqomah, Sri Nur Hartiningsih Copyright (c) 2022 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Fatigue Among Nursing Students During COVID-19 Pandemic in Medan <p>The COVID-19 pandemic requires students to implement an online learning system. However, the online learning method will be effective if it is supported by a systematically stable network. Online learning stimulates several problems related to physical and psychological issues. This study aims to describe nursing students’ fatigue during online learning at the Faculty of Nursing, University of Sumatera Utara. This study is a descriptive study with a sample of 87 respondents, which were taken using the proportionate stratified random sampling technique. The research instrument used in this study consisted of two parts, namely demographic data and Chalder fatigue instruments. Data collection is conducted through online with google forms link via WhatsApp group. The prospective samples were fill the agreement to participate in the survey and research link was send directly. Data analysis was conducted to determine the frequency distribution of the variables studied. The results showed that the majority of the samples were female (89.7%), aged 20-22 years (69.4%). For the fatigue level, the data showed that most students were in the range of moderate levels of fatigue (52.2%). And, there are 2 students (2.3%) who are in severe fatigue range. Based on the results of this study, it is hoped that it can become basic data for further research that can provide a more in-depth analysis of the fatigue contributed factors among students during online learning with pandemic COVID-19 affect.</p> Hotria Veronika Tinambunan, Roxsana Devi Tumanggor Copyright (c) 2022 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Knowledge and Awareness Regarding Osteoporosis Among A Selected Community of Miri, Sarawak <p>Osteoporosis is one of the diseases concerned and has been identified as having a significant increase in the progression of aging in the world. The incidence of total hip fracture cases associated with osteoporosis is expected to increase because of the rise in the prevalence of the elderly as an effect on high life expectancy and good health services quality. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to investigate level of knowledge and awareness of osteoporosis among public in Sarawak, Malaysia. This cross-sectional study was conducted to 224 public respondents. We used questionnaire on knowledge, attitude and practices by Tripathi and colleagues. Result of this study indicated that demographic variables gender and educational level had significant association with level of knowledge among public but not for the age, races, marital status, occupational and household income variables. In conclusion, this study revealed that most respondents presented with high knowledge with high level of awareness regarding osteoporosis disease. It is recommended that to be continued the effort by local authority regarding health promotion on issues surrounding osteoporosis.</p> <p> </p> Bit-LianYEE, Agatha Christeeble Anak PADANG, Lay-Khim GOH, Saedah MUDA Copyright (c) 2022 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Nutrition Management in Elderly with Diabetes Mellitus: Literature Review <p>Diabetes often occurs in the elderly who have become a great social burden. The effects of diabetes are weakness, cognitive dysfunction which is closely related to the aging mechanism. Nutritional management is one of the therapeutic diets as the cornerstone of diabetes treatment based on healthy and wise dietary guidelines. The purpose of this study was to determine the nutritional management of the elderly in diabetes mellitus. The research method used is a literature review and to select studies using the PRISMA Checklist protocol and PICOS format To determine the articles to be reviewed from Googlescholar and PubMed, 15 articles were found that met the criteria indicating that nutritional management in the elderly with diabetes mellitus must consider the quality of health (health status, activity, functional and psychological status), nutritional intake (vitamins, minerals, and fiber), and changing eating habits by following a healthy diet.</p> Eqlima Elfira, Bina Melvia Girsang, Franklin Asido Rossevelt Copyright (c) 2022 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 The Effect of Shallot Compresses on Decreasing Body Temperature in Children With Fever <p>One of the non-pharmacological treatment of fever in children is shallot compresses. This study aims to determine the effect of shallot compresses on decreasing body temperature in children with fever. This research used a quasi-experimental one group pre-posttest design and used simple random sampling as the sampling technique. A digital thermometer and observation sheet were used as the research instruments. The research took the data of children's temperature 2 times (pretest, posttest 15 minutes). The sample of this study was 20 children aged 3-6 years old. This study uses the normality test with Shapiro-Wilk and parametric statistical analysis of the Paired Test. The results showed that most child's temperature before being treated with shallot compress was 37.8ºC (25%) and most of the child's temperature after being treated with shallot compress was 37.0ºC (30%). A significant value of 0.000 (˂0.05) means that there is a difference in body temperature before and after the shallot compress. Based on the results, shallot compresses can reduce children's body temperature when they have a fever. It can be used as early treatment for children with fever.</p> Mardhiah Copyright (c) 2022 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 The Intervention of Isometric Exercise and Yoga Breathing on Hypertension <p>Hypertension is the most common disease suffered by Sungai Rangas Ulu Village people. The majority of people who are living in the village are fishermen. The fish obtained are preserved in salted fish and consumed by them. The patient in this case report is a smoker and one of the residents who often consume salted fish. Local culture is one of the factors that cause hypertension. One of hypertension management is complementary therapy such as isometric exercise and yoga breathing. This study described the results of nursing care on hypertension patients through isometric exercise interventions and yoga breathing. This study used a case study method on one of the hypertension sufferers. A client in Sungai Rangas Ulu Village was chosen randomly or accidentally for the case report. A client was given isometric exercise and yoga breathing intervention and observed their blood pressure using a sphygmomanometer every day for six days. The assessment results on the client can establish a nursing diagnosis: risk of the ineffectiveness of peripheral tissue perfusion associated with hypertension. The client was given an isometric exercise and yoga breathing intervention to achieve the outcome. The intervention result was decreased blood pressure (before = 180/120 mmHg, and after = 153/100 mmHg). Isometric exercise and yoga breathing can make the client more relaxed and increase blood circulation, decreasing blood pressure. There is an effect when given isometric exercise intervention and yoga breathing on reducing blood pressure in a client with hypertension.</p> Muhammad Farriz Satriatama, Agianto Copyright (c) 2022 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Factors Affecting Intention to Stay Among Nursing Staff at Selected Private Hospitals <p>Many factors in the healthcare industry affect the nurse's work, but some major factors influence them to leave the organisation. Nurse retention is one of the major challenges faced by the healthcare industry, due to which the turnover rate of nurses increases. The healthcare industry is growing daily and needs more nurses, but due to the exhausting labour and challenging work, most people leave the industry early and look for better opportunities. This study aimed to determine the factors affecting nursing retention and turnover in a selected private hospital in Selangor, Malaysia. This descriptive, cross-sectional quantitative study involved 133 nursing staff through a self-administered survey questionnaire to know the respondents' viewpoints; the participants gave mixed responses about staying and leaving the organisation. However, from their statements, it is clear that they wanted the industry to improve the training and development process, work-life balance and reward and recognition policy. The high turnover rate of nurses will cause detrimental effects on patient care if nurses' lack of training and development influence nurses to leave the organisation.</p> <p><strong> </strong></p> Nur Adnin Ariffin, Yee Bit-Lian Copyright (c) 2022 Caring: Indonesian Journal of Nursing Science Sun, 31 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0700