Dentika: Dental Journal https://talenta.usu.ac.id/dentika TALENTA en-US Dentika: Dental Journal 1693-671X The Correction of Multiple Diastemas in Adult Patients with Bad Tongue Habit (A Case Report) https://talenta.usu.ac.id/dentika/article/view/8377 <p>There are various options in multiple diastemas correction due to the multifactorial malocclusion aetiology. The treatment of this malocclusion is a challenging task for clinicians not only for aesthetic achievement but also for the stability of orthodontic treatment. The multidisciplinary approaches depend on the aetiology of malocclusion and patient compliance. This reported case aims to describe the correction of multiple diastemas in adult patients with bad tongue habits. A 27-year-old male patient came to dental hospital Universitas Sumatera seekingrthodontics treatment with multiple spacing as the chief complaint. The comprehensive lateral cephalometry analysis showed class III skeletal malocclusion, concave profile skeletal trend, and abnormal dental inclination. There was also tongue thrusting in speech and swallowing based on functional examination. The initial orthodontic treatment was started by controlling the patient’s bad tongue habit along with orthodontic treatment. After seven-month of orthodontic treatment, this malocclusion was corrected and good interdigitation was achieved. Albeit there were no skeletal significant changes in this orthodontic treatment, the dental inclination showed a significant change based on cephalometry evaluation analysis. The success of the orthodontic treatment in the adult patient is not only dependent on proper mechanotherapy but also relied on the patient’s compliance with tongue habit control. Therefore, early bad oral habit detection as one of the etiologic factors in treating this malocclusion can support the success of orthodontic achievement.</p> Christinawaty Sutan Ervina Sofyanti Copyright (c) 2022 Dentika: Dental Journal 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 25 1 47 53 10.32734/dentika.v25i1.8377 Growth and Development Factors of Infants and Maternal Conditions During Pregnancy for the Eruption of the First Deciduous Teeth (Literature Review) https://talenta.usu.ac.id/dentika/article/view/6581 <p>Tooth eruption is a condition in which the cusp or incisal of the tooth emerges through the gingiva, but not exceeding 3mm above this level after the corona is formed. The first human tooth that erupts is the mandibular primary central incisor, which is the reference for the eruption of others, including the primary and permanent teeth, that support the growth of the jaw, face, mastication, swallowing, speech, and aesthetics. Furthermore, tooth eruption is influenced by the growth and development of the fetus during pregnancy. Maternal conditions during pregnancy such as age, level of education, physical condition, and nutritional intake affect fetal nutrition which indicates the level of growth and development in the form of head circumference, birth weight, and height that affect the eruption time of the mandibular deciduous central incisor. During pregnancy, the maternal preparation to be considered is the age which might range from 20-35 years, adequate nutritional intake of carbohydrates, folic acid, protein, vitamin C, vitamin D, and minerals, prevention of physical fatigue, intelligence in choosing nutrition, and abstaining from alcohol and caffeine consumption. This study aims to provide information/education on the preparation of pregnant women for the eruption of the mandibular primary central incisor which is part of the infant's growth and development.</p> Rehulina Ginting Yesica Elisabeth Tarigan Copyright (c) 2022 Dentika: Dental Journal 2022-05-13 2022-05-13 25 1 1 8 10.32734/dentika.v25i1.6581 Hyaluronic Acid And Its Role In Periodontal Healing https://talenta.usu.ac.id/dentika/article/view/6811 <p>Hyaluronic acid is known as hyaluronan or hyaluronate, which has the function of increasing the mediator of periodontal regeneration. Hyaluronate acid has many roles in the early stages of inflammation, such as providing a structural framework through the interaction of hyaluronate with fibrin clots that modulate host inflammation and infiltration of the extracellular matrix of cells at the wound site so that this material becomes a therapeutic material used in various fields, especially in the field of periodontics. All periodontal tissues have shown the presence of hyaluronate, which is specifically concentrated in non-mineral tissues such as gingiva and periodontal ligament, which affects the growth, development, and repair of tissues in periodontal disease. The role of hyaluronic acid in periodontal healing will be discussed in this article.</p> Pitu Wulandari Martina Amalia Budi Rio Simanjuntak Denny Satria Copyright (c) 2022 Dentika: Dental Journal 2022-07-07 2022-07-07 25 1 22 27 10.32734/dentika.v25i1.6811 Fluoride Concentration in Tap Water from Different Regions in Thailand https://talenta.usu.ac.id/dentika/article/view/7580 <p>Fluoride supplementation in drinking tap water is one of the well-known effective methods for dental caries prevention. However, overexposure to fluoride following excessive fluoride intake from drinking water leads to dental fluorosis. Therefore, the assessment of daily fluoride consumption is required to calculate the optimal fluoride intake. The present study investigated the fluoride concentration in tap water collected from different areas in Thailand. A total of 27 locations were selected. Three samples of tap water (500 mL each) were independently collected from one location. Each sample in the same location was collected from the same faucet of tap water and stored in different containers. The samples were collected by dental students or dentists who worked in the selected areas from March 2020 to June 2020. Briefly, the faucet was cleaned with the tap water and the water was run from the faucet for 1-2 mins. Then, water was collected in 500 mL bottles and immediately capped. Samples were then stored at room temperature in tightly sealed bottles until analysis. Findings showed that most samples contained fluoride at a concentration lower than 0.7 mg/mL. Further, the water pH was in the range of 6.81-8.37. These levels were lower than the cut-offs established by the World Health Organization (WHO) for maximum levels of fluoride and pH in drinking water. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that fluoride levels in tap water from different regions in Thailand are lower than those recommended by WHO for fluoride levels in drinking water. </p> Boonsong Putraphan Dusit Nantanapiboon Thanaphum Osathanon Copyright (c) 2022 Dentika: Dental Journal 2022-06-17 2022-06-17 25 1 9 14 10.32734/dentika.v25i1.7580 Feeding Plate Fabrication for Infants with Cleft Palate Congenital Disorder at Mitra Sejati Hospital Medan and Grandmed Hospital Lubuk Pakam https://talenta.usu.ac.id/dentika/article/view/8529 <h1 style="margin-top: 0in; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10.0pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; color: windowtext; letter-spacing: -.3pt;">Cleft lip and palate (CLP) are one of the birth defects commonly found in Medan and surrounding areas with approximately 150 cases handled annually at Mitra Sejati and Grand Med Hospitals. Generally, labioplasty surgery is the only given treatment, but fabrication of the feeding plate before or after surgery is important to cover the palatal defect. From the prosthodontics aspect, fabrication after surgery cannot be performed because most parents do not know the importance of the feeding plate. To overcome this problem, community service was conducted by fabricating feeding plates that will be given 1 week after surgery. This was achieved by getting information about patients with CLP, general examination by paediatricians, the impression of the oral cavity in the operating room before surgery, outline design, and feeding plate fabrication at the dental laboratory. Subsequently, the insertion was carried out to evaluate whether infants can drink normally using a bottle. A total of 18 infants with CLP recognized the benefits of the feeding plate in Mitra Sejati and Grand Med Hospitals. The education given had a positive effect on knowledge about the importance of feeding plate and motivation for its use to make infants drink normally and gain weight according to age. </span></h1> Ricca Chairunnisa Syafrinani Hendry Rusdy Copyright (c) 2022 Dentika: Dental Journal 2022-07-06 2022-07-06 25 1 15 21 10.32734/dentika.v25i1.8529 Application of Cameriere Method for Age Determination in the Deutero-Malay Population https://talenta.usu.ac.id/dentika/article/view/7368 <p>Cameriere introduced a method for determining human age based on the length and width of the open apex from seven permanent left mandibular teeth on a panoramic radiograph. Therefore, this study aims to produce a formula for age determination using Cameriere’s method on panoramic radiographs in the Deutero-Malay subrace population. It was conducted using an analytical design on seven left permanent mandibular teeth from 240 panoramic radiographs with predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The tooth length was measured from the incisal edge/cusp to the tip of the apex (<em>L</em><sub>1-7</sub>), then the width of the open apex was measured (<em>A</em><sub>1-7</sub>) in millimeters (mm) using open-source Fiji ImageJ. Furthermore, the value of was obtained by dividing the width of the open apex (<em>A</em><sub>1-7</sub>) and tooth length (<em>L</em><sub>1-7</sub>), while s was obtained from the sum of to . N0 is tooth with an apex tip that had closed perfectly. Data were collected and tabulated by gender (<em>g</em>) while the analysis was performed using a linear regression test with IBM statistical software, also, observer reliability was evaluated to determine the variability. The results showed a strong correlation between chronological age and Cameriere’s method variables <em>g, </em> <em>, N0, s,</em> and<em> s*N0</em> (<em>R</em>=0.899) with the formula AGE = 10,845 + 0,140.<em>g</em> + 1,421. + 0,297.<em>N0</em> – 1,284.<em>s</em> – 0,10.<em>s*N0</em><em>,</em> <em>R<sup>2</sup></em>=0.807 and <em>SEE</em>=0.756. Based on the results, Cameriere’s method can be used for age determination in the Deutero-Malay subrace population with panoramic radiographs.</p> Belly Sam Rista D Soetikno Suhardjo Sitam Ira Komara Aulia Puti Nuraini Banowati Rania Putri Alwani Fahmi Oscandar Copyright (c) 2022 Dentika: Dental Journal 2022-07-08 2022-07-08 25 1 28 34 10.32734/dentika.v25i1.7368 Potential Antibacterial of Binahong Leaf Extract Against Bacteria Enterococcus faecalis ATCC® 29212™ (in vitro) https://talenta.usu.ac.id/dentika/article/view/7800 <p> </p> <p>Binahong is a plant widely found in Indonesia and has been used for generations, but only by inheritance without much optimal research. <em>Enterococcus faecalis </em>is bacteria that cause many problems in the oral cavity such as periradicular lesion. The purpose of this study was to determine the zone of inhibition, Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC), and Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of Binahong leaf extract against bacteria <em>Enterococcus faecalis </em>ATCC<sup>®</sup> 29212<sup>TM</sup> concentrations of 100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, and 60%, <em>chlorhexidine </em>0,2% as positive control and DMSO as a negative control. The experimental method used for the research with a post-test only control group design, pure bacteria prepared in the microbiology laboratory, and Binahong leaf extract used in the chemical laboratory of the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (FMIPA) at the University of North Sumatera. Five treatments of Binahong leaf extract concentration were tested as samples four times. MBC and MIC measurements of Binahong leaf extract against <em>Enterococcus faecalis </em>ATCC<sup>® </sup>29212<sup>TM</sup> were exchanged for each concentration. Mueller Hinton Agar (MHA) and Nutrient Broth incubated for 24 hours at 37°C. The ANOVA test data is analysed, followed by the Post Hoc test. The average inhibition zone of 100% concentration was 14.19 mm, 90% was 12.25 mm, 80% was (10.19 mm), 70% was 8.81 mm, 60% was 0.00 mm, <em>chlorhexidine</em> 0,2% was 20.88 mm, and DMSO was 0.00 m). The conclusion is that the best inhibition zone has a concentration of 100%, MBC was at 100%, and MIC was at 60%.</p> Minasari Nasution Ameta Primasari Ika Astrina Arfi Luthfiyah Siregar Copyright (c) 2022 Dentika: Dental Journal 2022-07-15 2022-07-15 25 1 35 41 10.32734/dentika.v25i1.7800 The The Incidence of Mandibular Angle Fractures Accompanied by Impacted Third Molar at Oral Surgery Clinic of Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung - West Java https://talenta.usu.ac.id/dentika/article/view/6247 <p>Mandibular fracture is a discontinuity of mandible bone that usually leads to trauma. The fractured area is mostly the mandibular angle located in the third molar area. Therefore, this study aims to examine the incidence of mandibular angle fractures accompanied by impacted teeth in the oral surgery clinic of Hasan Sadikin Hospital. This is a retrospective observational study and the data used were collected from the medical records of patients with mandibular angle fractures accompanied by impacted third molars at the Oral Surgery Clinic of Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung from January 2017 to December 2019. Panoramic radiographs were obtained for confirmation and the data collected were age, gender, fracture aetiology and location, impacted tooth type and classification, as well as treatment. The number of mandibular angle fractures with impacted third molars in male patients (92.8%) was more than in females (7.2%). Fractures caused by traffic accidents and fights were 85.8% and 14.2%, respectively, while all patients were treated with ORIF. The percentage of cases according to the classification of third molars in angle fractures are classes IA (20%), IB (6.7%), IIA (20%), IIB (20%), IIC (13.3%), IIIC (6.7%), and unerupted tooth seeds (13.3%).The incidence of mandibular angle fracture with impacted third molars at the Oral Surgery Clinic, Dr. Hasan Sadikin over the last three years has increased. This case is more common in males due to traffic accidents and is treated with surgery (ORIF).</p> Ryant Ganda Santoso Endang Sjamsudin Seto Adiantoro Copyright (c) 2022 Dentika: Dental Journal 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 25 1 42 46 10.32734/dentika.v25i1.6247