Dentika: Dental Journal en-US (Dr. Wilda Hafny Lubis, drg., M.Si) (Zahra Kharina Nasution, B.Comm., M.Comm) Tue, 06 Jul 2021 15:02:46 +0700 OJS 60 Desmoplastic Fibroma and Cemento Ossifying Fibroma of The Anterior Maxilla: A Rare Case Report <p>Tumors located in the maxillofacial part of the body were classified by WHO in 2017 and among these are intraosseous form of fibromatosis known as Desmoplastic and Cemento-ossifying fibromas. These tumors usually occur in the head and neck region, especially in the mandible and are relatively rare in the maxilla. Meanwhile, this study aims to discribe a rare case of the cemento ossifying fibroma that had been previously diagnosed as desmoplastic fibroma with a mass tumor in the anterior of the maxilla. A 22 years old female reported to the Cipto Mangkusumo Hospital with the main complaint of a lump in the right side of the upper jaw which appeared 2 years prior to the operation. In April 2017, the patient had a biopsy in Tarakan Hospital and the result was a desmoplastic fibroma. Due to the lump enlargement, the patient was admitted to RSCM in July 2019 and had biopsy incision with a diagnosis of cemento ossifying fibroma which was confirmed by the histopathological examination and histology report. The resection of the right part of maxilla was conducted alongside with reconstruction using the free fibular flap. Moreover, cemento ossifying fibroma and desmoplastic fibroma shared similar features, namely, clinical, histological and radiological features which are important in establishing the diagnosis and treatment of patient. Hence, extensive enucleation or resection is required due to the progressive nature of the tumor to prevent the potential for further recurrences.</p> Victor Pakpahan, Eky Nasuri, Vera Julia Copyright (c) 2021 Dentika: Dental Journal Mon, 26 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Effects of 1% and 3% Mobe Leaf Extract Gel on Socket Wound Healing after Tooth Extraction <p>Tooth extraction is a process of removing teeth from the alveolar bone. In wound healing, fibroblast are very important cells. The main purpose of this study was to determine the effect of mobe leaf 1% and 3% extract gel (<em>Artocarpus lakoocha</em>) on fibroblast proliferation in post extraction tooth socket wound healing. This research used 16 samples of wistar rats, divided into 4 groups, a positive control group, a negative control group and a 1% and 3% mobe leaf extract gel group. The left mandibular incisors were extracted, then 1% and 3% gels of mobe leaf extract were applied on day 1 to day 7. Data analysis was calculated using the Kruskal-Wallis test on clinical data and one way ANOVA test for microscopic. The result of the socket wound healing activity test for a good concentration of mobe leaf extract gel was 3%. This research shows significant resultith p-value of 0.018 (&lt; 0.05) on the closure of the socket wound clinically which means the closure of the wound accelerates because of the mobe leaf 3% extract gel treatment. The distance of fibroblast on microscopically shows significant resultith a p-value of 0.002 (&lt; 0.05), which means that there was an enlargement of the distance fibroblast at the socket wound closure with application of mobe leaf 3% extract gel. From the results of the study it can be concluded that mobe leaf 3% extract gel has the best ability to show acceleration the closure of the socket wound either clinically or microscopically.</p> Olivia Avriyanti Hanafiah, Denny Satria, Avi Syafitri Copyright (c) 2021 Dentika: Dental Journal Tue, 06 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0700 Disinfection Effect of 10% Ricinus Communis Oil on Candida Albicans Counts of Heat Polymerized Acrylic Resin <p>Dentures is used to replace tooth loss. The most used denture base material is acrylic resin. The biological properties of acrylic resins give microorganisms the ability to colonize. Certain type of microorganism often found at the dentures base is <em>Candida albicans</em>. Denture’s disinfection is usually used to reduce <em>Candida albicans</em>. One of natural source that now is being widely researched is <em>Ricinus communis</em> oil. The purpose of this study was to analyze disinfection effect of <em>Ricinus communis</em> oil 10% on <em>Candida albicans</em> counts on heat polymerized acrylic resin. This research is an experimental laboratory study with a post-test only design. Samples was heat polymerization acrylic resin plates measuring 10 x 10 x 1 mm were made in the Department of Prosthodontic Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Sumatera Utara with 10 plates for each for 10% <em>Ricinus communis</em> oil group and 0.2% <em>chlorhexidine gluconate</em> group (control). The <em>Candida albicans</em> colonies count was carried out in the Microbiology Laboratory, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sumatera Utara using colony counter. The data obtained was statistically count with the Kruskal-Wallis Test. The result showed the decrease in <em>Candida albicans</em> count with the highest value in the 10% <em>Ricinus communis</em> oil group is 9 x 100 CFU/ml and the highest value in the 0.2% <em>chlorhexidine gluconate</em> group is 0 x 100 CFU/ml. The Kruskal-Wallis test showed significant results with p value of 0.0001 (p &lt;0.05) indicating there was a disinfection effect of 10% <em>Ricinus communis</em> oil and 0.2% <em>chlorhexidine gluconate</em> on <em>Candida albicans</em> count of heat polymerized acrylic resin. The study concluded that 10% <em>Ricinus communis</em> oil effective at decreasing <em>Candida albicans</em> count.</p> Putri Welda Utami, Nurdiana Copyright (c) 2021 Dentika: Dental Journal Thu, 15 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0700 The Effect of Cananga (Cananga odorata) Aromatherapy on Anxiety Level of Patients Before Tooth Extraction in RSGM-P USU <p>Tooth extraction is a form of treatment in dentistry. Tooth extraction has the potential to cause excessive anxiety in patients because patients tend to think about things that will or can happen during the procedure. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Cananga aromatherapy (Cananga odorata) on the anxiety level of patients at RSGM USU. This research method is a quasi-experimental study using a re-experimental design non-randomized pretest and posttest control group design. The sample was divided into 2 groups, namely the treatment group and the control group. Each group consists of 16 people who will extract the posterior teeth of the upper and/or lower jaw. The treatment group was given a Cananga aromatherapy nasal inhaler and the control group was given an empty nasal inhaler without Cananga aromatherapy. Blood pressure and pulse measurements were taken twice. The first measurement after the patient was given informed consent and the MDAS questionnaire (Modified Dental Anxiety Scale) and the second measurement after inhaling the Cananga aromatherapy nasal inhaler and empty nasal inhaler without Cananga aromatherapy within 10 cm from the nasal cavity for 5 minutes. The results of this study were analyzed using the Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests. In the treatment group, there was a significant decrease in blood pressure and pulse compared to the control group with a value of p = 0.000 &lt;0.005. This study concludes that Cananga aromatherapy is effective in reducing the anxiety level of patients before tooth extraction in RSGM USU.</p> Isnandar, Abdullah Oes, Indra Basar, Mutia Firenza Copyright (c) 2021 Dentika: Dental Journal Thu, 15 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0700 The Use of Panoramic Radiography for Condyle Shape Detection on Menopausal Periods in Dentistry Radiology Installation – Dental and Oral Hospital of Universitas Sumatera Utara <p>Panoramic radiographs can be used to detect temporomandibular morphology and condylar changes. This study shape-determines the female condyle in perimenopausal and postmenopausal using panoramic radiography. It used an observational survey technique with a sample of 80 people, consisting of 40 perimenopausal aged between 20 and 29, and 40 postmenopausal females aged over 52. The results on the perimenopausal condyle process obtained a round shape of 43.7%, an angle of 32.5%, and a pointed shape of 23.7%. Furthermore, the shape of the condylar process in postmenopause is 37.5% pointed, 30% angled, 25% round, and 7.5% flat. Data were analyzed using the Chi-Square test with a significance value of p&lt;0.05. The results showed that changes in the size and shape of the condyles occur with age. There is a significant difference in the condyle shape between perimenopausal and postmenopausal periods.</p> Cek Dara Manja, Rizky Gusti MS, Sheilla Suhaila Matondang Copyright (c) 2021 Dentika: Dental Journal Mon, 26 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0700