International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-09-14T20:48:20+07:00 Dr. Dwira Nurfalini Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism (IJAU) is peer-reviewed journal that published article that is concerned with Architectural Theory and Critic, Building Technology, Development Studies, Economic Growth and Development, Heritage and Built Environment, Human and Society, Organization and Management, Physical Environment, Quality of Life, Spatial Change &amp; Geographic Information Technologies, Sustainable Built Environment, Town Planning dan Urban Design.</p> Design of Toba Caldera Geopark Museum in Balige With A Green Architecture Approach 2022-09-14T18:42:32+07:00 Chrescensia Febriyana Sinambela Hilma Tamiami Fachrudin <p>The Lake Toba area as a Global Geopark Network is imaged as a super destination with the world's largest and one of the deepest volcanic lakes, thus making it a world heritage with diverse diversity such as geology, biology, and culture. Lake Toba creates extraordinary natural phenomena, making this area rich in geological diversity such as expanses and rock types, and contains geological heritage values (heritage), cultural heritage, and bio-heritage that are well known International. However, attractions in the Toba Caldera Geopark area have not provided education only as a place of recreation for tourists. Therefore, it is necessary to design the Toba Caldera Geopark Museum as a place for organizing, collecting, maintaining, researching, presenting information about the benefits and potentials of the Toba Caldera Geopark area with the theme of green architecture and accommodating recreational and educational activities for visitors. This study used qualitative research methods. Several data collection, several data collection methods are used, primary data and secondary data. In designing the geopark museum utilizing the concept of energy-efficient green architecture in natural lightings such as skylights, natural ventilation, respect for the site, respect for users, and experience materials.</p> 2022-09-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Study of Architecture Aspect of Creative Economy in Sustainable Tourism at Simanindo 2022-09-14T18:56:44+07:00 Melanie Nurlisa Ginting <p>The architecture aspect in the creative economy is to provide a unique environment that involves art, emotion, activity, and culture. The architecture aspect is helping the development of sustainable tourism. Because of that, it is crucial to study the architecture aspect of sustainable tourism. Simanindo District is one of the districts in the center of Toba Lake and has many potentials to develop its tourism. The research has aims to identify the architecture in a tourism and local community opinions. The research methods used are qualitative and quantitative or usually called the mixed method. The data collections are collected from 100 questionnaires, interviews with four interviewees, and observation, and then the result will be analyzed and explained using analyze descriptive method. The final result from this research is an assessment from local communities against the culinary aspect in three aspects in sustainable tourism, economy aspect, socio-culture aspect, and environmental aspect. The conclusions are opinions and perceptions from the local community against architecture in sustainable tourism at Simanindo.</p> 2022-09-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism The Concept of Retrofitting Suburban in Commercial Corridor 2022-09-14T19:36:34+07:00 Sonia Nadia Ruth Madelene Sitompul Dwi Lindarto Hadinugroho <p>&nbsp;Pasar Ikan Lama, located on the Commercial Road, is a well-known commercial area in Medan. The location is close to the city center so that local and foreign tourists easily find it. The place dominates by cloth sales such as kebaya wholesaler center, headscarves,&nbsp;<em>Mukenah</em>, prayer mats, carpets, batik, traditional clothing, and their items are originating from&nbsp;<em>Makah</em>&nbsp;such as dates and zam-zam water. The phenomenon that is now occurring in the Pasar Ikan Lama is an untidy arrangement. Another phenomenon is the strategic position that is adjacent to the historical area. Even so, the Pasar Ikan Lama is still visited. Visitors come not only from Medan but from various regions to foreign countries. The Pasar Ikan Lama can use as a destination or icon for the City of Medan. Therefore, it is necessary to revitalize it to increase vitality in the area of ​​the Pasar Ikan Lama. Revitalization model for the Medan commercial corridor with the concept of suburban retrofitting carried out using the theory of Suburban Retrofitting as a basis, accordingly the idea of Hamid Shirvani as a determinant of needs from a commercial corridor, Lynch theory is beneficial as a determinant of something interesting, potentially to be developed or abolished. The results of the study obtained from this study are the revitalization model of the Medan City commercial corridor with the concept of suburban retrofitting</p> 2022-09-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism The Development of Student Arena Universitas Sumatera with Green Architecture 2022-09-14T19:43:14+07:00 Sri Wahyuni Hutabarat Nelson Manumpak Siahaan <p>With a total number of 32,000 people, it is the reason to develop a student arena building that is more appropriate and sufficient to accommodate all students from 15 faculties. The location chosen was Medan Baru District is the Center for Education and Activities Trade / Business with a land area of 1.5 Ha. Design using a green architectural theme approach is such a way that the building can still maintain the image of the campus, which is a green campus while minimizing adverse impacts on the environment, which is still very natural. This building has supporting buildings that can support student activities from all faculties.</p> 2022-09-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism The Design of Eco-friendly Resort, Asu Island (Organic Architecture) 2022-09-14T19:50:59+07:00 Vonny Christiani Zebua Yulesta Putra <p>This study aims to design an eco-friendly resort based on an organic architecture approach on Asu Island, Sirombu District, West Nias Regency, North Sumatra Province. The design with an organic architectural approach aims to create a space that can harmonize the indoor space with the outdoor space and can provide a space experience close to nature for resort users. In more detail, the design of eco-friendly resorts on Asu Island aims to meet tourist accommodation needs, facilitate space with attention to tourists, and analyze energy sources and utility systems on Asu Island. The site's location is right on the edge of the sea coast off Asu Island, Sirombu District, West Nias Regency, and is directly opposite the Indian Ocean. The site location selection method is measured from indicators including view, surrounding function, environment, soil condition, an overview of city structure, and accessibility. The location selection for the site was chosen based on several considerations such as view, the location of the resort that is separated from the city crowd, tourist convenience, searching for site locations via google maps and conducting direct surveys to determine site conditions. The approach used in this design is a literature study, a user approach by searching for user room data in resort design, and field studies that are directly carried out to review the condition of the site and the area around the site</p> 2022-09-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism A Study on the Application of Tropical Architecture in the Design of a Serviced Office in Medan Sunggal Sub-District 2022-09-14T19:57:33+07:00 Razab Fratika Hunggara Sinaga Sri Gunana Sembiring <p>The design of a rental office in the sub-district of Medan Sunggal is a design for a rental office located in one of the business centres in the city of Medan, precisely in the sub-district of Medan Sunggal with the theme of tropical architecture. The problem that business actors or novice freelancers often face when trying to take independent steps to open new jobs due to Indonesia’s low level of employment is worrying about the high cost of office rentals like conventional office rentals in general. This rental office implements a serviced office system (office ready to use) which aims to make it easier for tenants, especially in terms of finances. The settlement method used is the descriptive method used in the design based on analytical reasoning and empirical structural research, along with identifying things that support the method. The use of a tropical architectural theme refers to the climate of Medan, which tends to be tropical and can be utilized by maximizing energy savings from natural sunlight. This rental office is expected to be good news for business actors, freelancers, and stakeholders in overcoming problems regarding the need for rental offices in the Medan Sunggal sub-district.</p> 2022-09-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Evaluation of an Urban Drainage Channel System on Tuamang Road, Medan 2022-09-14T20:02:54+07:00 Hugo S. V. Pasaribu Hanna Swesy Marbun Nur Sakinah Nahesson Panjaitan Nur Novilina Arifianingsih Wisnu Prayogo <p><em>The population that continues to grow every time affects the total wastewater that is accommodated and channeled by drainage. This study aims to evaluate the existing condition of drainage dimensions on Tuamang Road, Medan. To determine whether the drainage can still channel the design wastewater discharge for the next 10, 20, and 30-year return periods or if it requires re-planning. The descriptive-evaluative method is used to evaluate drainage with stages starting from collecting data on population, annual rainfall, and measuring the dimensions of drainage channels; hydrological analysis, population projections for 10, 20, and 30-year; and evaluation of drainage channels. The research location is on Tuamang Road with a length of 1,200 m from Domestic House No. 130 to No. 101. The drainage system on Tuamang Road can still channel rainwater runoff and household waste for up to 10-year, based on analysis.&nbsp;20 and 30-year, the dimensions must be enlarged to 1.0 m (bottom width) and 0.7 m (wet height of the channel).&nbsp;Cleaning sediment at the channel bottom must continue regularly to ensure the drainage system is working properly</em></p> 2022-09-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Fish Landing Base in Pantai Cermin with Ecological Architecture Approach 2022-09-14T20:08:16+07:00 Daffa Farras Arfy Imam Faisal Pane <p>&nbsp;Indonesia is a maritime country that has a sea area of ​​5.8 million km², with enormous potential for marine products. The fisheries sector is one of the things that supports the third largest Indonesian economy with a GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of Rp 1.900 billion. There are many fishery ports in Indonesia commonly referred to as Fish Landing Base. In North Sumatra itself, there are 23 Fish Landing Base, and one of the areas that include it in the RTRW (Regional Spatial Plan) is Serdang Bedagai Regency, especially in Cermin Beach sub-district. However, the fact that the fisheries sector is not the main attraction of the Pantai Cermin area indicates no fishery center.<em>&nbsp;</em>This Fish Landing Base uses problem-solving to solve existing problems, starting from the formulation stage, location surveys, data collection, literature studies, and comparative studies. To respond these issues, ecological architecture becomes the answer to the problem of design conditions, such as responding according to local conditions both from society and nature. Fish Landing Base in Pantai Cermin expect to respond to users comfortably, creates interaction between users and the environment, and can also form a public space so that it can encourage economic generators based on sources of life in coastal areas, and so become one of the new tourist destinations to enjoy the marine products of Indonesia, especially in Serdang Bedagai, North Sumatera.</p> 2022-09-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Analysis of Architectural Design in the Sarijadi Bandung Contemporary Market Building 2022-09-14T20:13:07+07:00 Ciptamelia Dawati Salmannisa Yohannes Kusliansjah Rumiati Rosaline Tobing <p>Economic activity in Indonesia is one of the driving forces for people's lives in general. A traditional market building is one of the places where economic activity occurs, making it important to pay attention to its quality in terms of architecture and building management. However, the existence of traditional markets in Indonesia is synonymous with unmanaged and uncomfortable conditions. It can be found in almost all existing traditional markets. As a result, the government moved to repair traditional markets. It is the same as the Bandung City government, which revitalized the Sarijadi Bandung Traditional Market into a contemporary-style market, which the Governor of West Java, Ridwan Kamil, then used as a model for markets in Bandung City. The purpose of this study is to investigate and determine what is meant by contemporary meaning in the Sarijadi Contemporary Market building. The goal of this study was to add literature, references, and insights about architectural design in a contemporary-style market building, specifically the Sarijadi Contemporary Market in Bandung.</p> 2022-09-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Damage Assessment Method of Reinforcement Concrete Building By Fuzzy Theory 2022-09-14T20:20:58+07:00 Jon Hyon Hui Song Yong IL Kim JI Yon <p>&nbsp;As reinforcement concrete building is composition material which reinforcement&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; bar and concrete work together, effect factors concerned with its damage are countlessly much and interrelationship between them is also very complex and indefiniteness. Until now many researches about the damage assessment of a building&nbsp;&nbsp; has been performed but the problem accounting correctly damage of the reinforcement concrete building by connecting several of damage factors has not yet been solved.&nbsp; In research a method accounting damage of reinforcement concrete building in the fuzzy integral way in consideration of fuzzy property existing in the damage assessment system of it has been newly suggested.</p> 2022-09-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism A research on the stability of repair-welding for a great truss under the load 2022-09-14T20:30:23+07:00 Myong Il Kim Ju Chol Kwak <p>&nbsp;In this paper, we developed the direct repair welding method without eliminating the load when the repair welding of the great steel truss is going. According to the information about the process and data systematized, working for eliminate defect of welding joint and analyzing used FEM on the stability of the process and result of welding-repair were scientific more than the last time at the great structure. &nbsp;When do this we did not eliminate defect from the part of joint and so it’s not necessity to use any Jackie and turning back. The result of analysis and construction show that this method is very useful in the practice and by then the problem of stability solved clearly and perfectly and the time and efforts had consumed.</p> 2022-09-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Incline Prevention Reinforcement Structure– Controlling Building Incline 2022-09-14T20:37:12+07:00 Won Song Rim Song In Chol <p>&nbsp;By chance facto (disasters, botchery operation) Incline Prevention Reinforcement Structure–Controlling Building Incline is to prevent Building incline when Building incline is measured after Building construction is finished, And is also to prevent Building incline when designs Building. It setted the Incline Prevention Reinforcement plate and pile on building which leans due to plate irregularly distributed sagging to control the deviation, so the range of deviation is under permissible value and it makes building cost save and Building date shortening.</p> 2022-09-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Implications of Indoor Air Pollution in Business Buildings in Nigeria 2022-09-14T20:42:53+07:00 Ahmed, S Akande, O. K Oyenuhi, G Emechebe, C. O Eze, J. C Makun, C. Y <p>&nbsp;Globally, the majority of individuals spend 90 percent of their daily routine time indoors. Outside air pollution adds to the toxins created in interior spaces owing to heating and cooling, which has a substantial impact on person healthiness (illness that results in mortality and morbidity) and productiveness. This study investigates the implications of air pollution on interior air quality in commercial buildings such as event centres in Kogi State, Nigeria. Descriptive research approach was used with a questionnaire administered to 120 participants chosen through a random sampling procedure in business buildings. Findings indicated that inadequate window and tiny door size, including absence of mechanical cooling devices linked favourably with higher temperature in the interior but negatively with its moistness. The results show that indoor air quality has negatively impacted on the workforce performance and productivity of the customers, and also on the efficiency of their activities in the event centres. Implication for practice is that designs of apertures should be large enough to allow for cross ventilation while mechanical cooling systems should be included in the design for optimal interior air quality. The study recommends synergistic interventions from academics, policymakers, and occupational practitioners to improve national standard and its implementation for the management and regulation of indoor air quality in inside settings in Nigeria</p> 2022-09-14T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism