International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism <p style="text-align: justify;">International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism (IJAU) is peer-reviewed journal that published article that is concerned with Architectural Theory and Critic, Building Technology, Development Studies, Economic Growth and Development, Heritage and Built Environment, Human and Society, Organization and Management, Physical Environment, Quality of Life, Spatial Change &amp; Geographic Information Technologies, Sustainable Built Environment, Town Planning dan Urban Design.</p> Talenta Publisher en-US International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2622-0008 Medan Fish Centre With Ecological Architecture Approach <div><span class="Style3"><span lang="IN">Medan Fish Center design is a building design that functions as a fish market which is located on K.L. Yos Sudarso Street, West Medan District, North Sumatra. This design depicts a fish market center equipped with supporting facilities such as a freshwater aquarium, food court, and gallery. The application of ecological architecture to market design applied to the management of liquid waste produced by fish traders. The fish market design is expected to benefit the community not only as a means of the community's economy but also as a means of recreation and education.&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></div> Adelia Nasution Sri Gunana Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 304 310 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10388 The Effect of Orientation and Material On Thermal Comfort In Museum Perkebunan Indonesia Building <div><span class="Style3"><span lang="IN">Thermal comfort is something that must be considered in a building to create comfort for its users. One of the factors that influence thermal conditions is the orientation of the building towards the sun and building materials. The Museum Perkebunan Indonesia is one of the famous and oldest museums in Medan, Indonesia. Besides that, the museum still has the dutch colonial architecture style, which is mostly known as a building with good air circulation because of the amount of ventilation and window they have.&nbsp; Based on that, this study aims to measure the thermal comfort of each room with a different orientation in Museum Perkebunan Indonesia and then to examine the effect of thermal comfort in Museum Perkebunan Indonesia. Moreover, the study also discusses the material used in Museum Perkebunan Indonesia building. The methodology of this study is qualitative-descriptive by solving the existing problems based on quantitative data that is done by the measurement of air temperature that was carried out for six different days, starting from morning to evening. Furthermore, the study also analyses and describes the object research. The analysis itself shows that the orientation effect has a significant effect compared to the influence of building materials on the museum building. And the result of the analysis shows that Museum Perkebunan Indonesia Building falls into the uncomfortable category according to the Standard Procedure for Planning Energy Conservation in Buildings.</span></span></div> Novrial R. Namira Lubis Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 311 318 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10392 Designing a Binjai City Performing Arts Building with a Tropical Architecture Approach <div><span class="Style3"><span lang="IN">&nbsp;Binjai is one of the National Centers for Activities (PKN) and includes in the National Strategic Urban Area of ​​MeBiDangRo. While based on RPI2JM 2015-2019, there are fifteen ethnicities in Binjai. This diversity is undoubtedly a capital in developing its traditional arts and culture. However, based on the GRDP, the arts industry has not yet become a source of income, so this research purposes on how to design a better performing arts building and how to apply tropical architecture to the design as support, facilities, and awards for activists and performing arts enthusiasts as a source of income from the tourism sector. The research stage begins with determining the design location, considering the elements and requirements, collecting data, and analyzing data to produce a design concept. Binjai has a tropical climate, so Binjai Performing Arts Building adapts a tropical architectural approach where thermal comfort, air circulation, and the use of materials are selected properly such as maximizing many openings to support air circulation and lighting, using overstacks and secondary skin as an aesthetic shading, and minimizing solar heat radiation into the building. Moreover, this research produces a proportional design for a Performing Arts Building.</span></span></div> Muhammad Al-fahri Sikumbang Yulesta Putra Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10393 Edutainment Aquarium Facility Planning with Functionalism Approach in Deli Serdang <div><span lang="IN">The ocean is home to many kinds of aquatic species. The state of the sea is currently on the verge of declining because of the waste thrown into it. There has to be a sanctuary to retain the population of the sea animals, such as the aquarium facility. This facility will also inform the public—especially children—about the kinds of species still available today, just like a zoo. With the functionalism architecture approach, the facility is expected to be durable in the long run and more accessible since everything is based on function. This study uses qualitative methods, meaning all the precedents data are from comparative studies, field studies (surveying the site), and theories from books. The result of this study is the implementation of Functionalism Architecture that prioritized usability in the design of edutainment aquarium buildings. Projects with similar functions or methods can use this study as a precedent</span></div> Niken Alya Widyasti Amy Marisa Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 330 340 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10402 Application of Cosmology Concepts to Nias Cultural Park Planning <div><span class="Style3"><span lang="IN">Nias tribe has a variety of cultures that are the heritage of their ancestors. One of them is the belief in cosmologists, namely that the world is divided into the underworld and the upper world. This cosmological conception was applied to the design of cultural parks in Nias. The goal is to create a cultural park architecture that can reflect the art and culture of Nias itself. Cosmological concepts in this design are applied from selecting building sites that are a more macro thing to the organization of space, forming the mass of buildings, to building materials that are more micro things. The data collection method used is a qualitative descriptive method. This cultural park will be one of the cultural preservation containers that can characterize the richness of Nias culture from the image of its architecture.</span></span></div> Ade Lisman Jaya Zai Mohammad Dolok Lubis Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 341 349 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10403 Designing Smart Floating Village In Belawan With Ecological Architecture Approach <div> <p class="TP-Abstract-Text"><span class="Style3"><span lang="EN-US">Rising sea levels are essential issues due to global warming increasing every year. This leads to the potential for the amount of land to be reduced. One of the areas in Medan that is directly adjacent to the water is Belawan Subdistrict. Based on the data observation of water level in the Belawan sub-district, there is a significant level change every year. Some areas in the coastal area of Belawan have the possibility of drowning. To overcome this, Smart Floating Village is designed as a floating settlement in the future. The method used to solve this design problem is through observation, literature studies, and precedent studies of similar projects that have been built. The analysis and study results obtained a large pontoon structure (VLFS) as the module's base used for floating settlements. Settlements based on large pontoon structure modules can have various activities such as housing and other community needs facilities. The Smart Village concept is also applied to this design to eliminate the perception of the slum environment in coastal residential areas. To connect the idea of a smart village and floating settlements, an ecological architecture approach is needed to maintain a balance between humans and the environment. This research is expected to be a further discussion study for further research on floating settlements that apply the innovative village concept and can be helpful in architectural science regarding case studies and similar approaches.</span></span></p> </div> Sonya Clarita Imam Faisal Pane Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 350 360 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10404 Student Rental Apartment with Green Architecture Application in Medan City <div><span lang="EN-US"><span lang="EN">Medan city has become the economic, political, educational, and socio-cultural center in North Sumatra Province. Medan has a variety of religions, cultures, and tribes. The development of education, especially universities, makes Medan one of the goals for students who have completed their education at the high school level. The college will bring students from out of town and within the city. In addition, clothing and residential food become one of the needs of students. Students from out of town will need temporary housing that can be rented during their college education. Accommodation must be tailored to the needs and culture of students. The apartment has become one of the alternative housing for students. Green Architecture is one of the alternatives in designing buildings, where this concept can minimize damage to the environment and building users. The application of energy-saving to structures will positively impact users of the building and the building itself.</span></span></div> Firman Eddy Rivana Gracelia Panjaitan Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 361 366 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10405 The Implementation of Neo Vernacular Architecture on the Design of Information and Recreation Center of Lake Toba Tourism at Ambarita, Samosir Regency. <div><span class="Style3"><span lang="IN">Tourism is one of the sectors that Indonesia relies on increasing state revenues. One of the tourist destinations that is still being developed is Lake Toba. This region has the potential to grow and compete to become world-class tourism. But in the process of development, there are still some obstacles. One of the obstacles is information services and promotion about tourism in the Lake Toba area that is still not maximized. Researchers identified the need for a facility that can accommodate promotional activities and tourism information through the design of the Tourism Information Center in the Lake Toba area, precisely in Ambarita Village, Samosir. Analysis and concept of design using an interpretation approach to Neo Vernacular Architecture. The result of this study is a design from the Lake Toba Tourism Information Center.</span></span></div> Yosafat Ferdian Hasibuan Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 367 380 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10406 Evaluation the Concept of Revitalization Pedestrian Path on Raden Saleh Raya Street, Central Jakarta <div><span class="Style3"><span lang="IN">DKI Jakarta Provincial Government is increasing the activation of pedestrian paths with the aim of making the DKI Jakarta region a pedestrian-friendly city so as to reduce the use of private vehicles that use fuel oil that can cause congestion, air pollution that has the potential to damage the environment. DKI Jakarta Provincial Government has also revived the development of urban equipment such as infrastructure and pedestrian sidewalks to encourage citizens to explore the city on foot. Pedestrian paths can now be sidewalks, walkways, squares, and malls. This study aims to evaluate the concept of Revitalization pedestrian path on Raden Saleh Raya Street and whether they meet the design criteria of pedestrian paths and whether there is an increase in the number of residents walking in the area. This study uses quantitative methods. The results show that pedestrian path on Raden Saleh Raya Street are used by pedestrians but some parts of the pedestrian path are used for selling activities, parking motorcycles so that the pedestrian lane has not provided complete comfort so that an improvement strategy is needed to improve pedestrian comfort so that the number of pedestrians using pedestrian path on Jalan Raden Saleh, Central Jakarta, has increased.</span></span></div> Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 381 392 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10407 Investigation on strength safety conservation of the roller coaster car support structures <div><span lang="IN">In general, the long-term use of the support structure of roller coaster cars consisting of steel structures presents a safety problem with dynamic loading. In the past we have solved this problem in various ways. </span><span lang="IN">In this paper, a</span><span lang="IN">fter measuring and simulation using mobile acceleration sensors, motion simulation </span><span lang="IN">program&nbsp;</span>ADAMS, and structural analysis&nbsp;<span lang="IN">program&nbsp;</span>ANSYS, the support structure is considered as a system of connectivity, and the most suitable displacement and the optimal section of&nbsp;<span lang="IN">support structural brace to ensure the strength of the roller coaster car support structure is determined.</span></div> Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 393 406 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10421 The Morphology of Pangururan District <div><span class="Style3"><span lang="IN">This study discusses the morphology of the Pangururan District in terms of its forming factors, spatial expressions formed, solid-void patterns, and building typology. It is necessary because, as the capital of Samosir Regency, Pangururan District often experiences growth and development. So, it is essential to understand the morphology of this district to avoid collisions between the problem of physical form and the quality demands of urban planning. Using a qualitative descriptive research methodology approach, researchers collect the data needed by secondary data collection techniques, namely through related literature studies. The results showed that Pangururan District had fan-shaped cities and fragmented cities. Moreover, the configuration of the solid-void space forms an organic pattern. The typology of community settlements scattered alongside the waterfront adapts to the physical form of nature and nearby tradition.</span></span></div> Rully R Kifli Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 407 416 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10422 The Influence of Urban Morphology of Tarutung on The Resilience of Cities Following An Earthquake <div><span lang="IN">Tarutung City is the capital of North Tapanuli Regency, North Sumatra Province. Tarutung City is an earthquake-prone city, this is caused by the city's geotectonic and geological conditions which are traversed by active fault lines, namely the active Toru fault. This study aims to look at the influence of the morphology of Tarutung City on disaster response urban planning. Tarutung City is considered to have started implementing a disaster response city, but several aspects still need to be improved</span></div> Futry Amanda Pane Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 417 427 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10423 Morphology of Tarutung City <div><span class="Style3"><span lang="IN">Tarutung<span lang="EN-US"> is a sub-district town that is the capital of North Tapanuli City, North Sumatra province, Indonesia. Tarutung City is a district that has the smallest area but has the highest population density. This study aims to find patterns of organizational structure Tarutung City space uses the morphological approach of Tarutung City. Method used is a qualitative method with a descriptive analysis approach. This study found that the pattern of a compact city with linear spreading follows the road, on the morphology of the city structure it is oriented towards the center of government, namely the regent's office, and the Regional People's Representative Council office, and on the visual morphology Tarutung City has a special landmark, namely the Cross of Love which is a building to commemorate the event of the spread of Christianity in the Batak lands which was pioneered by a German missionary, namely Dr. I.L. Nommennsen.</span></span></span></div> Richardo Sitompul Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 428 438 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10424 Effects of Kesawan District in West Medan Structure on Individual Behavior <div><span lang="IN">This paper discusses the Influence of Kesawan Medan Barat Village Structure on Individual Behavior. Behavior can be interpreted as human actions or activities that have a very wide range. Behavior is also interpreted as a person's response or reaction to external stimuli, one of which is the environment. Humans have an individual personalities as well as social beings, living in a collectivity society. Humans are also the center of the environment and at the same time part of the environment. Every human activity, especially those in urban areas, usually inseparable from the use of space. In accordance with the characteristics of the problems studied, this paper is included in descriptive research. Descriptive research is research on a problem in the form of the latest facts from a population which includes activities to assess attitudes or opinions towards individuals which are carried out to determine the value of an independent variable, either one variable or more, without making comparisons or connecting with other variables. In this paper, information is collected related to the structure of the city which is the object of research, then analyzed to provide an overview of the relationship between the influence of urban structure on individual behavior</span></div> Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 439 450 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10425 Morphology of Travel Routes in Lake Toba <div><span class="Style3"><span lang="IN">&nbsp;Lake Toba is the largest caldera lake in the world, so its development is included in the 5 super priority areas for the development of the tourism sector. This study aims to identify and analyze the morphology that appears in the travel routes in Lake Toba.</span> This study uses qualitative methods with a descriptive approach to explain and interpret travel routes in Lake Toba. The substance boundaries discussed in this study are components and morphological forms. The morphological component is land use, road network patterns/travel routes, and buildings (density and patterns).</span></div> Sri Elfina Panjaitan Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2022-12-08 2022-12-08 6 3 451 459 10.32734/ijau.v6i3.10426