International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism <p style="text-align: justify;">International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism (IJAU) is peer-reviewed journal that published article that is concerned with Architectural Theory and Critic, Building Technology, Development Studies, Economic Growth and Development, Heritage and Built Environment, Human and Society, Organization and Management, Physical Environment, Quality of Life, Spatial Change &amp; Geographic Information Technologies, Sustainable Built Environment, Town Planning dan Urban Design.</p> Talenta Publisher en-US International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2622-0008 The Spatial Analysis Urban Structure of Medan Baru Subdistrict <p>A city is a residential area that is physically indicated by a group of houses that dominate the layout and have facilities to support the lives of its citizens independently. In order to optimize urban development, the use of urban space needs to be directed into a city spatial plan consisting of spatial structure and spatial patterns. Data collection methods in this study using observation techniques and data analysis methods in this study using qualitative descriptive. The final result of this research is the condition of the existing spatial structure in Medan Baru District, which has met the service needs in Medan Baru District. However, there must be added facilities that are still lacking in certain areas. The structure of Medan Baru District is close to the concentric concept, the pattern of urban development is in the middle of Medan Baru District as the central area city ​​and spatial structure model of Medan Baru Subdistrict when viewed based on centers service that is approaching the multi-nodal space structure model which consists of one center and several sub-centers and sub-centers which are connected.</p> Ronald Yohanes Clinton Sinaga Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2021-08-26 2021-08-26 5 2 126 133 10.32734/ijau.v5i2.6833 Behavioral Architecture Approach to Concept of Housing for the Face of Pandemic <p>One effect caused by a calamity is the psychological impact on the community. In December 2019 covid-19 viral infected many countries including Indonesia which later changed his status to make cause serious problems because there is no vaccine to prevent transmission of the virus. This condition requires every society to comply with government regulations as quarantine, PSBB, WFH, social distancing. The psychological impact that is often found in society is afraid of panic and other stress. Psychology is closely related to conducting this study will discuss architectural behavior that plays a role in the relationship between people and space. This research as if would explain what occurred in behavior and how your family made the architect can solve this problem by emphasizing psychiatric problems through the application for building design, occupancy of a room. The theory of architecture as a guide in determining objects for the attention that the occupants need through analysis of the type of activity and used before and during the pandemic. This approach asserts the need to understand the behavior and needs of the people living in the house in use. This research activity was carried out with space objects selected based on the similarity of form and design of the average home in Medan City. In activities, the research was conducted with a sample housing path in our name in “Villa Nusa Sempurna” with different types of houses, and various characters users and primary focus will also be on the type of house that is most in demand are in residential. Is a type of type 70 most interested in shape and arrangement with the most commonly found in residential of the town. The result of this research is designed products have been analyzed based on the assessment of behavior so that it can become a new alternative designing safe and comfortable housing for the face of a pandemic.</p> Zhilli Izzadati Khairuni Kemala Jeumpa Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2021-08-26 2021-08-26 5 2 134 147 10.32734/ijau.v5i2.6378 Characteristics of Vernacular Architecture Malay Deli Traditional House Based on Technical Aspects of Building Structure <p>Local wisdom in an architectural context is part of cultural heritage, passed down from generation to the next generation and gone through a long process of gaining community recognition as a reflection of the region's culture, also known as vernacular architecture. Vernacular architecture can be found in almost every region, as is the city of Medan. Medan city is famous for its culture, especially its Malay culture, formed by the Sultan of Deli's influence so that Malay Deli emerged. In its formation, aspects of the creation of vernacular architecture also influenced the development of Malay Deli, mainly traditional houses. These traditional houses is visible from one of its forming aspects in the form of technical aspects such as building structure systems. This study discusses the characteristic of system structure in the Malay Deli traditional house and aims to identify and examine these problems. This study adopted a qualitative descriptive method approach to collect and analyze data so that the results obtained in the form of technical aspects of the structure of vernacular building structures from traditional Malay. This study's findings are a reference source for traditional Malay houses' vernacular architecture, specifically Malay deli or design considerations.</p> Novrial Nila Rahmaini Siregar Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2021-08-26 2021-08-26 5 2 148 160 10.32734/ijau.v5i2.6834 Design of Batak Toba Art and Culture Museum Center In The City of Medan By Applying Neovernacular Architecture Themes. <p>Medan City is a city that has a variety of cultures and traditions. This diversity can give color to the world of tourism, especially in the city of Medan. One of the customs and cultures in the city of Medan is the Batak Toba, a native of the North Sumatera province. Tourism with high cultural value will make a positive impact on visitors who come to study and recreate in the tourism area, especially this museum. The design involves two different aspects where the design must be able to unite the Vernacular aspects that exist in the existing site as well as the modern touch of Neovernacular Architecture. The diversity of the arts and culture of Batak Toba Culture increasingly supports the achievement of space inside and outside the museum. It attracts visitors to calm the mind, relax, and learn many things about Batak Toba Arts and Culture. The existence of the Batak Toba Arts and Culture Museum is expected to increase the number of local and foreign tourists visiting the area to find out and perverse the Batak Toba culture</p> Julius Putra Simbolon Nelson Siahaan Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2021-08-26 2021-08-26 5 2 161 171 10.32734/ijau.v5i2.6835 Governmental Lodging and Recreation with The Approach of Tropical Architecture <p>Lodging and recreational activity are essential activities for training, often held at office of Pusat Pengembangan, Pemberdayaan Pendidik dan Tenaga Kependidikan (PPPPTK<a href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1"></a>) Medan. Office of Pusat Pengembangan, Pemberdayaan Pendidik dan Tenaga Kependidikan (PPPPTK) Medan has had one building as a homestead, but as time progress, the demand for this homestead increase because of the increased activity in recent years. Therefore, the expansion of the homestead and recreational space design is vital to support the training activities. This homestead and outdoor recreation centre design use the methodology to solve problems using a qualitative approach and a quantitative approach by following the data and analysis of the surrounding environment as well as the established governmental building guidelines. The implementation of tropical architecture in the design makes it able to achieve efficient use of energy and be environmentally friendly. This can be seen in the mass concept, indoor concept, outdoor concept, structural concept, circulation system, and utility system. Also, this design blends with the local value of the surrounding environment by applying local wisdom.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> D. D Harisdani Zafirah N Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2021-08-26 2021-08-26 5 2 172 181 10.32734/ijau.v5i2.6836 Islamic Center Design with Islamic Architecture Design Approach <p>&nbsp;At the time of the Prophet, the mosque was a center for worship activities and economic activities, learning, socio-politics, etc. From this mosque environment, great figures in Islam were born who were not only strong in religion but also intellectually and mentally. However, the mosque has decreased in function now so that it is only a place of prayer. This phenomenon also occurs in the city of Medan, which is one of the largest cities in Indonesia, with the majority of the population being Muslim. Therefore, Medan often becomes the center of various activities, including Islamic religious activities in the area. Unfortunately, Medan does not yet have adequate facilities that can accommodate various Islamic religious activities, so it needs an activity center known as an Islamic center. The design of the Islamic center in the city of Medan solves design problems with an approach methodology ranging from literature studies, site surveys, and design concept analysis. This Islamic center applies a design concept by taking Islamic values ​​that are not indifferent to the surrounding environment so that elements of the local culture are still considered. It is hoped that this Islamic center will not only be able to become a center of activity, especially Islamic religious activities in Medan, but also an area of ​​learning about Islamic and local values ​​in its design</p> Sri Gunana Sembiring Hastari Furqani Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2021-08-26 2021-08-26 5 2 182 192 10.32734/ijau.v5i2.6838 Towards Walkability: Qualitative Assessment of Pedestrian Environment in Yogyakarta and Singapore <p>After the publication of Urban Sprawl and Public Health, the argument of providing nice pedestrian facilities is not only concerned about the aesthetic and social aspects, but also about the health improvement of the people. The shift has made the world's major cities realize the importance of good pedestrian design. Walkable city has become the current goal in city development for most countries in South-east Asia, including Indonesia and Singapore. Indonesian cities such as Surabaya and Jakarta have made attempts on promoting walking habits through several programs such as children friendly public space development and riverfront revitalization. Yogyakarta, one of Indonesia’s major cities, still struggles in encouraging its citizens to walk more. This study observed the current condition of the city’s pedestrian system and facilities. The result showed that the main cause of the discouragement is the street condition that doesn’t put the pedestrian as the prime user. Improvements have been made at several sections of the street, showing the government's real effort on fixing the problem. Comparative study with Singapore’s pedestrian facilities was conducted and it showed that to encourage people to walk, it is not just about providing good street infrastructure, but more to enhancing people’s walking experience.</p> Odilia Renaningtyas Manifesty Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2021-08-26 2021-08-26 5 2 193 209 10.32734/ijau.v5i2.6206 Is Mass Housing Increase or Decrease Symbolic Cultural Diversity? An Emperical Investigation <p>Housing is one of basic needs in modern society driven by the population growth and limited land resource. Housing for low-income segment has minimum standard features which difficult personalization. Nevertheless, people have means to create personal identity symbol on facade material to show personalization in the simplest way. Purpose of this research is to investigate diversity symbol type created by housing resident despite personalization limited constraint. Transdiciplinary housing theory (Salama et al, 2017) is served as basic framework of this research. Observations conducted in five housing in Palembang discover fewer collectivism symbols and many individualism symbols. Thus author revised the transdiciplinary model and create housing social architecture model for better descriptions on how housing dweller responses to housing architecture and defines their cultural identity. Instead of tune down culture symbolism, mass housing exhibits more basic roots of this symbolism.</p> Zuber Angkasa Wazir Sandra Eka Febrina Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2021-08-26 2021-08-26 5 2 210 221 10.32734/ijau.v5i2.6209 The Influence of Product and Facade Design towards Consumer Preferences <p>The façade is an architectural element that is to show the functional and meaning of the building. The façade design of a house is generally on the of the basic considerations for consumers to buy. In addition, the face design has always been a promotional information in the marketing mis that used by housing developers. This study was intended to identity the effect of product and façade design towards consumer preferences in lower-middle housing. The object study was Pondok Indah Matani housing in Kupang, NTT. This study used experimental approach by manipulating research variables. The manipulated variables were product and façade design, while the influenced variables were consumer preferences. The determination of sample used purposive sampling method with a technical survey using a questionnaire. The result of study stated that the product and façade design had a significant effect on consumer preferences, through (1) the application of contrasting colors, (2) the firm boundaries in transition area in front of the house and (3) the complexity of the product dan façade design should be not too complicated so that it was easy to care post purchase.&nbsp;</p> Imanuel mbake Marianus Bahantwelu Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2021-08-26 2021-08-26 5 2 222 232 10.32734/ijau.v5i2.6570 Research on determining the aseismic performance level of reinforced concrete building <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>In seismic design based on performance, seismic performance level is determined based on failure state of the building and seismic design objective is set according to the importance of the buildings. In many countries, they calculate the seismic reaction of the buildings with the use of structural design programs to check the aseismic performance through the nonlinear static analysis method. In this paper, we established seismic performance levels and aseismic design objective to design on the basis of design objective according to the three levels in Seismic Design Code of Building, DPR Korea, 2010.</p> Jong-Bom Han Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2021-08-26 2021-08-26 5 2 246 251 10.32734/ijau.v5i2.6682 Determination of shear support capacity of transfer beam with varied section <p>In the RC structure with transfer beam, if the beam is fixed with the column under the transfer layer, it will cause very big reaction of the support at the supporting point and can cause the serious breaking because the section of the transfer beam is very big. It’s not easy to make the section big for the whole length, so I studied about how to applicate the transfer beam with varied section to increase the capacity by changing the section of the beam around the supporting point.</p> <p>In this thesis, I suggested the formulars of the shear capacity of transfer beam with varied section by using the program ABAQUS.</p> Il-Ju Ri Song-Hyon Han Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 2021-08-26 2021-08-26 5 2 232 244 10.32734/ijau.v5i2.6571