International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau <p style="text-align: justify;">International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism (IJAU) is peer-reviewed journal that published article that is concerned with Architectural Theory and Critic, Building Technology, Development Studies, Economic Growth and Development, Heritage and Built Environment, Human and Society, Organization and Management, Physical Environment, Quality of Life, Spatial Change &amp; Geographic Information Technologies, Sustainable Built Environment, Town Planning dan Urban Design.</p> en-US dwira.nirfalini@usu.ac.id (Dr. Dwira Nurfalini) dickyandrea45@gmail.com (Dicky Andrea, ST, M.T) Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 OJS 3.2.0.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 NeoHada: Adaptive Urban Building based on Solar-Piezoelectric and Rooftop Farming to Realize Resilient Cities in Preventing Floods and Food Crises https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/14239 <p>Urban development, driven by increasing population density, significantly impacts the physical environment, leading to issues such as flooding, food crises, and energy shortages. In response to these challenges, particularly in the context of urban flooding in Indonesia, the implementing team proposes the NeoHada solution. NeoHada is an adaptive design concept that integrates Solar-Piezoelectric technology and Rooftop Farming to create resilient and sustainable cities. This concept is based on three key principles: Climatic Architecture, Energetic Architecture, and Productive Architecture. The principle of Climatic Architecture is implemented through a Rain Harvesting System, where building rooftops serve as rainwater reservoirs to prevent flooding and provide an alternative water source. The Energetic Architecture principle combines solar panels and piezoelectric technology to generate independent electrical energy, alternating between rainy and dry seasons. The Productive Architecture principle emphasizes the development of rooftop farming as a means of achieving urban food self-sufficiency. The NeoHada solution is expected to realize the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) related to Zero Hunger, Clean Water and Sanitation, Affordable and Clean Energy, Sustainable Cities and Communities, and Climate Action. By integrating innovative technology and adaptive design, NeoHada aims to mitigate the negative impacts of urban growth and promote city resilience against various disaster and crisis scenarios. It is hoped that this solution will serve as a guide for the development of cities in Indonesia towards sustainable sustainability.</p> Ananda Rizqullah, Bilqis Tsurayya, Paul Aldo Purba, Helki Ginting, Alya Putri Natandini, Dicky Sembiring Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/14239 Mon, 13 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Redevelopment of Ya’ahowu Park with Creative Placemaking in Gunungsitoli City https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/13621 <p class="TP-Abstract-Text"><span lang="EN-US">One of the elements of a city that is considered capable of supporting the quality of the environment and the quality of urban life is public open spaces. Ya'ahowu Park in the Municipality of Gunungsitoli is a public open space that serves social, cultural, and economic functions. As an area that is continually developing, issues arise due to the increasing intensity of its use as a coastal tourism destination and culinary center. The current arrangement of the site is still partial, purely aesthetic, and lacks a master plan as a guide. Therefore, if its development is not properly planned, it is feared that it may exacerbate problems and worsen the site's quality. This thesis aims to design the development of Ya'ahowu Park as a public open space for tourism, using the waterfront concept and a placemaking approach. These theories are employed because they are relevant to the physical conditions of the design site, with the hope of creating a quality and meaningful public space for its users. The focus of the development is on the waterfront redevelopment, as an effort to reorganize the waterfront area along with the facilities that can still be utilized. The previous facilities are restored and/or reactivated during the planning process, but with new roles that lean more towards public interests, with the objective of improving the environmental quality. Creative placemaking is the central approach, aiming to enliven the place, stimulate the economy, and provide a platform for creativity with local wisdom.</span></p> Oscar Amanta Halawa Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/13621 Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Preserving History in a Modern Setting "An Adaptive Redesign of Lawang Sewu for Sustainable Development and Architectural Heritage Conservation https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/13748 <p>This study focuses on the adaptive redesign of Lawang Sewu, a prominent landmark in Semarang, Indonesia. The building, constructed in the early 20th century, has witnessed historical events and changes throughout its existence. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in preserving and revitalizing Lawang Sewu as a cultural heritage site. However, the adaptive redesign is not without challenges, including structural instability, environmental degradation, functional obsolescence, aesthetic discordance, and social resistance. This research essay aims to explore the adaptive redesign of Lawang Sewu from various perspectives and propose strategies for achieving energy efficiency and sustainability objectives. The essay is organized into chapters that provide an overview, literature review, case study analysis, discussion of historical and socio-environmental aspects, examination of visual impact, and a conclusion. The study also discusses the concept of authenticity in heritage conservation and presents a design proposal for Lawang Sewu's acoustic enhancement. The results of the case study analysis highlight the complexity of the adaptive redesign project and its cultural context and project site in Semarang.</p> Hassan Hussein Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/13748 Wed, 06 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The The Distortion In Libyan Architecture's Identity Between Its Past And Present https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/14276 <p>Architectural composition, as a stand-alone form, created a unity of urban identity, gathering in the whole and forming civilization through the ages. As well, buildings with the character of traditional architectural style may create a sense of belonging and belongingness that is distinctive and cannot be duplicated, as well as symbolizing people's identities. In addition, it is still significant that architectural identity plays a role in improving place identity, memory, and belonging. Architecture and place identity have become the central themes of architectural debates in Libya; their form and content are flawed and transformational due to social factors and policies. As a result, realizing these transformations and solving the problem of architectural identity is more important. In this working paper, a qualitative, broad review of Libyan city identity is presented. This article included examples of architecture in use throughout Libya to gain a thorough understanding of the turmoil that is relevant to the present and future identities of Libyan cities. As a conclusion, the article summarized some facts that could be considered from reviews of the heritage of local architecture as references and from general discussions about the current situation in order to develop the vision of building local identities.</p> Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/14276 Wed, 06 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0700 "Unveiling the Impact: Examining the Role of Internet in Architecture through Post-Occupancy Analysis and User Satisfaction in DHA Lahore" https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/13760 <p>This qualitative research paper explores the impact of internet connectivity in architecture, specifically within the context of DHA Lahore. Adopting a post-occupancy analysis approach, the study examines the role of internet technology in architectural design and its influence on user satisfaction within the DHA Lahore community.</p> <p>Through in-depth interviews, observations, and document analysis, this research investigates the experiences and perceptions of residents regarding the use of internet in architectural spaces. It explores how internet connectivity affects their daily lives, communication patterns, access to information, and overall satisfaction with the built environment in DHA Lahore.</p> <p>The study delves into the ways in which internet connectivity is integrated into architectural design, including considerations such as accessibility, reliability, and user-friendliness. By analyzing qualitative data, the research uncovers the benefits and challenges associated with internet connectivity in architectural spaces, as perceived by the users in DHA Lahore.</p> <p>Furthermore, the paper explores the impact of internet connectivity on various architectural elements, such as space utilization, collaboration, and smart home technologies. It investigates how these elements, when enhanced by internet connectivity, contribute to user satisfaction and the overall quality of life in DHA Lahore.</p> <p>By utilizing a qualitative methodology, this research offers rich insights into the lived experiences and perspectives of users in DHA Lahore. It provides a deeper understanding of the ways in which internet connectivity influences architectural design and user satisfaction, highlighting potential areas for improvement and innovation.</p> Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/13760 Wed, 06 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The The Identity of Demak: Unveiling Culture, Architecture, Heritage and Historical Significance https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/13801 <p>The concept of local identity, known as "jati diri," has gained prominence as a means of understanding and preserving the unique cultural and historical characteristics of cities. This paper focuses on exploring the jati diri of Demak, a city in Indonesia with rich cultural heritage, architecture and historical significance. Through an interdisciplinary approach encompassing history, culture, architecture, and community engagement, this study aims to uncover the essence of Demak's identity, highlighting its historical evolution and contemporary manifestations.</p> <p>The paper delves into the historical context of Demak, tracing its origins from a powerful maritime trading kingdom to its role as a center of Javanese culture and Islamization. By examining historical records, archaeological findings, and oral traditions, the study seeks to identify the key events and socio-cultural dynamics that have shaped Demak's unique identity over the centuries.</p> <p>Furthermore, the research investigates the role of cultural elements, including traditional art forms, rituals, architecture, and local practices, in contributing to Demak's identity. Through fieldwork, interviews with local experts, and analysis of cultural artifacts, the paper aims to capture how Demak's distinctive culture is woven into the fabric of everyday life and community interactions.</p> <p>The study also addresses the challenges of preserving Demak's identity in the face of modernization, urban development, and globalization. It discusses the efforts undertaken by local communities, cultural organizations, and governmental bodies to safeguard Demak's heritage and promote awareness of its identity. City Government can help to build a stronger resource structure (Fahmi &amp; Haryanto, 2020).</p> <p>In conclusion, this paper sheds light on the significance of Demak's jati diri as a vital component of its cultural landscape. By unraveling the historical, socio-cultural, and architectural layers that define the city, the study contributes to a comprehensive understanding of Demak's identity. The findings provide insights into the importance of preserving and celebrating local heritage, serving as a case study for other cities seeking to maintain their unique identities amidst the currents of change.</p> Dian Nafiatul Awaliyah Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/13801 Wed, 06 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Study Of High Performance Concrete Using Local Materials (Fly Ash Of Pltu Labuhan Angin, Mount Sinabung Volcanic Ash And Silica Sand) On The Mechanical Properties Of Concrete https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/12054 <p>Currently in Indonesia a lot of construction work and concrete is one that is widely used. In the development of concrete construction technology, especially in Indonesia, it is necessary to have concrete capable of carrying high loads using available materials. The development of high quality concrete has 3 levels, namely High Strength Concrete (HSC), High Performance Concrete (HPC) and Ultra High Performance Concrete (UHPC). Against the background of future needs, in this study experiments were carried out in a concrete laboratory to obtain high performance concrete mixes with local materials. At the experimental stage, testing of tools and materials, concrete mix, casting, slump test, manufacture of specimens, maintenance, checking of unit weight, compressive strength test, split tensile strength and modulus of elasticity was carried out. In that study there were 11 variations. Furthermore, the test results were analyzed by the data to draw conclusions. The results showed that the average compressive strength of concrete at 3 days of age was relatively high, namely 53.8 MPa which could be used for fast precision work. In variation 11 mixture (PCC Cement, Silica Fume, Sand Mesh 35-60, Silica Mesh 325, Water, Viscocrete Superplasticizer 8670 MN, Fly Ash 7% and Polypropylene Fiber 0.2%) tested for 28 days, the compressive strength reached 87.5 MPa, so it can be said as HPC concrete. In this study it was concluded that the use of local materials, Sinabung Volcanic Ash waste and fly ash can improve the quality of concrete and can also reduce environmental pollution.</p> Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/12054 Wed, 06 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Aspects of Place Meaning in Heritage Tourism (Case Study: Rumah Balai Ujung Tanjung, Tanjungbalai City, Indonesia) https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/14606 <p>Tourism is one of the industries that can improve the welfare of the people in an area, one.of.which is heritage.tourism. Visits to heritage tourism are one of the fastest growing tourist activities, so heritage tourism is an asset that should be developed by each region. In heritage tourism, there is a place attachment. Place attachment is a bond made by humans with a place. One aspect of the formation of place attachment is the meaning of place. A historical tourist attraction that has a place attachment is the Rumah Balai Ujung Tanjung Tanjungbalai.</p> <p>This study aims to analyze aspects of the meaning of the place owned by Rumah Balai. The.research.method used in this.research is a concurrent mixedmethod. The results of the analysis carried out stated that the aspect of the meaning of the place owned by Rumah Balai Ujung Tanjung is still low and this can be improved by increasing aspects of physical characteristics and aspects of social interaction. So that it can increase the number of visitors who come.</p> Muhammad Habib Auliya, Nurlisa Ginting Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/14606 Wed, 06 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The method for calculating the bearing capacity of cold-formed C-Section axial compression member using Direct Strength Method https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/13052 <p>The paper carried out numerical analysis using experimental and finite element analysis methods to determine the bearing capacity of cold-formed C-section axial compression member.</p> <p>Finite element analysis was performed using the application ABAQUS and the results were compared with experimental measurements.</p> <p>This paper also made out the reason for the error between the experimental results and the results of the finite element analysis, and the ultimate bearing capacity is determined by finite element analysis with C-section axial compression member of various sizes.</p> <p>At the same time, the effect of initial geometric imperfection on the bearing capacity of the member is analyzed in detail.</p> <p>Based on finding out that the supporting capacity of the member is directly related to local buckling, distortional buckling, and lateral-bending buckling critical stress, the formula for calculating the bearing capacity of the cold-formed C-section axial compression member by analyzing the research results on the direct strength method.</p> myongchol an, Suin Ju, Yongsong Jang Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/13052 Wed, 06 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Car Modification Workshop Design With A High-Tech Architectural Approach In Medan City https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/14610 <p><span class="s39">The design of a car modification workshop in Medan is intended for car modification enthusiasts so they can develop their hobbies and are designed using a High-Tech Architectural design. Car users in the city of Medan have reached 42,397, so this figure can affect the number of car modification enthusiasts. In the city of Medan itself, there are not too many car modification workshops that provide multi-functional services with supporting facilities, so it is difficult to find a variety of modification options. The design of a car modification workshop in the city of Medan with high-tech architecture aims</span> <span class="s39">to</span><span class="s39">be able to meet the demand for vehicle sales services, engine servicing, modifications, and other facilities on a large scale due to the high market interest. This car modification workshop is specifically designed and has been limited according to the concept of the user, actor, type of activity, space requirements and building analysis. By using the basic High-Tech theme, the concept of structural configuration style is applied in such a way. It turns out that High-Tech Architecture is very much influenced by current scientific advances and innovations so that it has many functions that are useful for many people. This design is expected to be able to overcome the problems of the people in Medan to have the latest innovations and accommodation for technological advances because it has a futuristic impression along with the times and provides its own style to attract the attention of visitors.</span></p> Iffat Rais, Devin Defriza Harisdan Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/14610 Wed, 06 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Belawan Maritime Museum (Metaphor Architecture) https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/14609 <p>Indonesia is a maritime nation with the world's biggest archipelago. Despite <br>the fact that Medan, and particularly the Medan Belawan District, played a <br>significant role in Indonesia's maritime history, the district's potential remains <br>unrealized and has not been utilized and accommodated properly. Media is <br>needed to accommodate and educate the public about the importance of <br>maritime knowledge by providing a museum that can function as a place for <br>preserving maritime history. Unfortunately, the interest of the Indonesian <br>people in visiting museums is still relatively low. Therefore, facilities/facilities <br>and infrastructure are needed to support the function of the museum so that it <br>is more recreational but still informative. The Belawan Maritime Museum is <br>located at K.L.Yosudarso Street, Medan Belawan District, and provides <br>information about Indonesian maritime affairs, especially Belawan. The design <br>approach used is the metaphorical architectural approach. The metaphorical <br>architectural theme with the shape of ships and waves applied to the museum <br>is intended to optimize the appearance and marketability of this building. The <br>use of metaphorical themes is closely related to the visual impression and <br>meaning to be displayed in the building. This building is also expected to <br>become an icon in the area. It is hoped that the design of the Belawan <br>Maritime Museum can further increase the interest and insight of the <br>Indonesian people, especially Medan City, about Indonesian maritime affairs <br>and become one of the attractions of Medan City, especially Medan Belawan <br>District, as a tourist destination for local and foreign tourists.<br>Keywords: Belawan, maritime, metaphor architecture, museum</p> Alya Maysarah Daulay, Vinky Rahman Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/14609 Wed, 06 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Openings As an Important Aspect of Traditional Market Design Font https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/14613 <p>Traditional markets are known as one of the pillars of people’s economic state, and because of that, they need to be developed properly. Despite that, traditional markets nowadays have a negative stigma which is dirty and smelly. To increase the interest of residents, many factors can be used such as adjusting and improving traditional market facilities. Design elements can help in solving this problem by adding openings and adjusting market structure modules. This paper aims to provide more information about the effect of market openings and modules on air circulation (odor) in the market. The method used in this research is a literature study, namely by collecting data related to solutions to counteract the smelly market through articles, journals, and books. The existence of an opening is to provide natural air circulation into a room, also the sunlight helps eradicate bacteria inside the humid room. The arrangement of the modules is also important so the odor of each segment does not mix. The existence of traditional markets must be maintained and developed so that it is necessary to overcome the bad smell in the current market because it can affect and have an impact on the interest of visitors to come to traditional markets.</p> Vieka Thinsie Houward, Firman Eddy Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/14613 Wed, 06 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Batik Jambi Cultural Center With An Ecological Architecture Approach https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/6768 <p>Batik is one of the cultural heritages of Indonesia which has spread to almost all of Indonesia with a different motifs and patterns. The territory of Indonesia which is the largest producer of batik is spread over the Island of Java with a total 87% and the rest is outside the island of Java. One of the largest is in Jambi Province, the center is across the Batanghari river where this area is the residence of the indigenous people of Jambi who generally work as a batik craftsman. Unfortunately, in the city of Jambi itself there is no facility or building that specifically introduces Jambi batik so that it also affects the interest of the Jambi community in the knowledge and attraction of Jambi batik. Therefore, it is necessary to design the Jambi Batik Cultural Center as an educational and recreational place for Jambi batik as a whole with various activities such as batik gallery exhibitions, batik sales, development and training of batik making with a building design approach with the theme of Ecological Architecture that responds to the site location near the area Batanghari river.</p> Annisa Faadhilah Harahap, Hilma Tamiami Fachrudin Copyright (c) 1970 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/6768 Wed, 06 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Pantai Labu Fish Auction Place with an Ecological Architectural Approach https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/14614 <p>Geographically, Indonesia is the largest country in the archipelago. The length of Indonesia's main coastline is known to reach 81,000 km. Based on these results, a fishery management area is needed that is appropriate and as high as possible to ensure the management of fisheries that are rich in marine animals. Pantai Labu Fish Auction Place is a potential place for fisheries. The marine sector is quite large, including capture fisheries, power culture fisheries the processing and marketing of fishery products. As well as supported by Supervision and other activities. One of the Fish Landing Places in Deli Serdang Regency is Pantai Labu Fish Auction&nbsp;Place. Fishing in Pantai Labu is important because the livelihood of most Paluh Sibaji people is fishing. However, the situation at the fish auction may have improved, leaving many customers feeling unhappy. Not only buyers&nbsp;but fishermen, the main actors in this fish auction site, also need qualified facilities. The application of ecological architecture in the renewal of the Fish Auction&nbsp;Place is one way&nbsp;to be applied in&nbsp;the future. Ecological&nbsp;architecture is vital in designing this fish landing site because an environmental architecture uses natural elements closely related to this Fish Auction Place.</p> Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/14614 Tue, 05 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Analytic solution of a circular plate whose boundary is elastic fixed on elastic foundation https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/13370 <p>On this paper an analysis of a circular plate whose boundary is elastic fixed on an elastic foundation is presented. First, we set up a schema, establish a mathematic model on it. The model becomes a boundary value problem of partial differential equation. By solving the problem, deflections and internal forces in the circular plate are calculated concretely.</p> Song Bong Kim, Jong kum Kim Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/ijau/article/view/13370 Wed, 06 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0700