International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism <p style="text-align: justify;">International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism (IJAU) is peer-reviewed journal that published article that is concerned with Architectural Theory and Critic, Building Technology, Development Studies, Economic Growth and Development, Heritage and Built Environment, Human and Society, Organization and Management, Physical Environment, Quality of Life, Spatial Change &amp; Geographic Information Technologies, Sustainable Built Environment, Town Planning dan Urban Design.</p> en-US (Dr. Dwira Nurfalini) (Dicky Andrea, ST, M.T) Thu, 27 Aug 2020 22:31:12 +0700 OJS 60 Redesigning Taman Hutan Kota PLN Medan (City Park) According to People’s Preferences <p>Taman Hutan Kota PLN Medan is one of important part from the city, if the park managed properly it would give a good impact to increase the quality of public space which is lead to make a positive and better contribution to people's lives who lived in the busy city like Medan. However, in reality, Taman Hutan Kota PLN cannot make a good performance as its function as public space and urban forest. To increase the level of people's happiness and develop urban quality at Medan, it is necessary to redesign Taman Hutan Kota PLN. The redesign’s purpose is to fulfill the people’s needs and hopes to this park and make better, satisfying, and responsive facilities to the user.&nbsp; Redesigning Taman Hutan Kota PLN will be based on people's preferences, perceptions, and perspectives. The preference, people's opinions, and documentation on the field will help us to discover what is the real reality and important resource for redesigning process so that the final result of the new Taman Hutan Kota PLN design can be a better park not only as public space and open green space but also as an alternative recreation facility for people in Medan.</p> Rani Aurora Barus, Siti Nurkholila Hafni, Dwiki Alfajar Andrea Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Thu, 27 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Median Road Revitalization as an Alternative Way to Overcome Flood on Jalan Asrama, Helvetia, Medan - Indonesia <p>Jalan Asrama, Helvetia Medan, is one of the areas in Medan that is often flooded. The puddle of water on Jalan Asrama, especially at the intersection of Gaperta Street, is already very alarming because the puddles that occur can reach heights of up to 0.5 meters so that it greatly disrupts traffic activity at that location. The cause is the inadequate condition of infrastructure facilities; one of the infrastructures referred to is the drainage and utilization of the Median Road that is not optimal. The purpose of this research is to find out the factors that cause flood inundation on the road bodies around Jalan Asrama-Medan following offer a solution by revitalizing the median Road as one way to overcome the flood. The research method used descriptive qualitative research methods. Namely by conducting research directly into the field and conducting library studies on various types of reading material related to the object of study in this study, among others in the form of books, journals, articles, and written works in the form of print media and internet media. This study concludes that the occurrence of inundation in the bodies of roads around Jalan Asrama, Helvetia, is caused by several factors. First, high rainfall, the two dimensions of drainage channels are not suitable in some parts; third is sedimentation and rubbish, which reduce the dimensions of the channel and inhibit the flow rate of water. Moreover, one solution that can be done is to revitalize the median of the road, which hopes can overcome the flood.</p> Suryo Sukarno P. K, Luthfi Audi, Muhammad Danesh Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Thu, 27 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Local Wisdom-Based on Development of the Environment and Atmosphere Aspect of Berastagi Night Tourism <p>Nowadays, tourism has an important place in urban development, where every city competes to improve their tourism. Night tourism, as the new strategy in tourism development, needs to be given attention from the stakeholder. The two most important aspects of the night tourism development are environmental and night atmosphere.&nbsp; Increasing the aspect of night tourism cannot be separated from the local wisdom-based. Berastagi is the most popular tourist destination in Karo Regency, which has a night tourism destination. Not only it, but Berastagi also has an authentic culture from the Karonessse tradition. Unfortunately, both of these potentials have not developed yet as the strength of tourist attraction in Berastagi. This paper aims to find how are the development of the environment and atmosphere aspect of Berastagi Night Tourism based on local wisdom. This research used a descriptive qualitative method which analyzes data collected by field observation and depth interview. The study shows that involving local wisdom in developing the environment and night atmosphere can build a specific identity for the town night tourism.</p> Selly Veronica, Nurlisa Ginting, Amy Marisa Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Thu, 27 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 The Designing of Villa in Tourist Area Sipiso-Piso <p>Villa is a facility lodging that is not only used for resting during leisure or recreation but also requirements for means of gathering places and deliberations (meetings) with providing room service and meeting rooms. Sipiso-Piso is the name of the famous waterfall that is in Karo’s land. Sipiso-Piso Villa provided to tourists who want to stay in the Sipiso-Piso area and to feels and enjoy the view from Toba Lake and the nature of the hills and Sibuatan Mount. It has four types of villas expected to hold different quantities of tourists. This villa also to accommodate MICE activity when in works days. It has facilities support, which is a restaurant, jogging track, and park. Each type has its private pool. This villa adopted tropical architecture. Thermal comfort is the most aspect of this theme.</p> Firman Eddy, Amanda Yasmine D. Matondang Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Thu, 27 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Revitalization Model of Medan City Based Home Shop as an Image-Forming Identity City <p>The Shophouse is a multi-story building that has multiple functions. The 1st floor is used as a commercial area, and the 2nd floor above is used as a residential place. Revitalization is an effort to revive an urban area through improving the quality of the environment, taking into accounts the socio- cultural aspects and characteristics of the region. The facade is the identity of the building itself by retaining elements and elements on the building façade. This research purposes of finding the dominant appearance of the elements of finding in the shophouse façade in the city of Medan, which is useful for the design revitalizing model of the face of the city as the image of the identity city. The method used in this study is qualitative descriptive, with a variable observation phase with the collection of primary and secondary data through direct observation in the field, then analyzed the shop facade elements that have been Grouped and found the most dominant element. The result of the analysis of the dominant facade element found in the shop façade of Medan is China, Malay, and India. The findings of the dominant facade element can be the identity identifier of the region and city of Medan today.</p> Deni Saadah Purba, Dwi Lindarto Hadinugroho Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Thu, 27 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Contemporary Art Gallery (Expressionism Architecture) <p>Some issues prove that the development of art in Medan is relatively slow and does not become a concern of the public because of the availability of minimal and inadequate space, while Medan is a multicultural city in terms of art, many artists in the city of Medan have great potential. The construction of contemporary art gallery aims to meet the needs and facilities of art activities in the city of Medan because Medan does not yet have a decent art gallery for art activities, from exhibitions, artwork making space, to fine arts training venues and also as a center for art development likeness of the City of Medan. This gallery plans to be a productive place or place to introduce and provide attractive insights or knowledge to local people and tourists and to be able to preserve and preserve the fine arts in the city of Medan. The methodology used in this project is by collecting data through from literature review and by doing a site surveys. This building design uses the theme of expressionism architecture, where this building can express the meaning of art that it can be enjoyed visually.</p> Fazra Risky Nasution, Morida Siagian Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Thu, 27 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Arrangement of Special Region in Corridor Dr. Mansyur <p>Medan is one of the largest cities in Indonesia after the metropolis of Jakarta also experienced strip development that has shown symptoms in the suburbs. The symptoms can identified from the aspect of land use on the outskirts of Medan in this case usually rural regions are characterized by agrarian areas switching functions to non-agrarian land, seen from the qualities of buildings in the suburbs, almost all buildings distinguished by urban or non-sectoral agrarian in a review of the building characteristics also added about the density of buildings and the number of buildings in a particular area. One of them is the problem that occurred in the corridor Dr. Mansyur. The original road capacity for calm residential traffic can no longer accommodate the dynamics of commercial activities. Traffic congestion, parking vandalism, pedestrian route malfunctioning by street vendors, the emergence of portable stands, and tent stalls on the edge of the road. The consideration will be based on predetermined variables, namely, elements of the city image, specifically paths, boundaries, regions, vertices, and landmarks. For this reason, mixed research carried out through observation and interviews and documentation studies. The results obtained from this study will show how the model of regional arrangement in anticipating the development strip of the city of Medan.</p> Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Thu, 27 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Designing Life Skill School in Nelayan Seberang Village with Ecological Architecture Approach <p>This journal is essential for social, education, and economical in Nelayan Seberang Village. It is about difficult access to schools, low-interest in learning, and economic problems that are part of the factors causing the low level of education of the peoples of Nelayan Seberang Village. The aim is to make it easier for the fishing village community to access educational facilities and increase the level of education of Nelayan Seberang Villagers. The method used in site selection is done through a discussion of primary data. Data sources that directly provide data to data collectors, and secondary data, that is data that does not directly provide data to researchers, through other people or analyzed documents and concluded. The result of the methodology used is Procurement of Life Skills Schools is a practical solution to these problems. Students invited to explore the potential around, manage it, and at the same time,&nbsp; market their products in one place. The ecological architecture applied to this building in such a way that the building can sustain in areas affected by tides and at the same time can reduce negative impacts on the environment. The school buildings designed to friendly to the villagers of Nelayan Seberang Village. So that it can attract peoples to come to school. This is useful to increase the interest in the education of Nelayan Seberang Villagers.</p> Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Thu, 27 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Designing Port Passenger Terminal in the Meat Village as Ecotourism Area with Neo Vernacular Architecture Approach <p>This journal is essential for social, economic, and government in the Meat Village. It is about a potentially marine tourism destination, located in Meat Village, Tampahan District, Toba Samosir Regency, North Sumatra Province. As one of the tourism destinations, this village needs to be developed, especially water transportation, which is supported by Lake Toba's natural resources. But it has been replaced by land and air transportation. On the other hand, water transportation has its privilege, namely giving a sense of being united with nature and listening to the gentle sound of water, which cannot be felt if using land or air transportation. Therefore, it requires a passenger port to facilitate tourists in accessing this tourism village through water transportation. This port consists of a passenger terminal that accommodates passengers' departure and arrival. The method used in site selection is done through discussion of primary data, namely data sources that directly provide data to data collectors and secondary data, that is, data that does not directly provide data to researchers, through other people or analyzed documents and concluded. The result of the methodology used is, this passenger terminal needs the Neo Vernacular Architecture approach for the design. Because the village has aspects of the past, such as Batak Toba culture and mythology that need to be preserved and introduced to the present as long-term projections for the future. This is useful to make the building becomes part of the Meat Village community.</p> Fitri Rahmawati Nasution, Moehammed Nawawiy Loebis Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Thu, 27 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Rejuvenation of City Gateway as the Identity of Medan <p>As a developing city, Medan carries out a significant role in establishing the identity and image of the city and the development of the surrounding cities and districts. One effort to establish the identity and image of the city can be created through the existence of city gates that can produce a plot, rhythm, and balance for the city bounded. The gate of Medan City has not succeeded in becoming a city gate that meets the needs needed by migrants who pass through the city gate area. This study will address the problems discovered at the Medan City gate in Binjai, Tanjung Morawa, Tembung, and Pancur Batu and relate them to the rejuvenation of the city area through revitalization methods in supporting Metropolitan Mebidangro. The research aims to analyze predetermined variables, namely elements of the city image, namely path, edge, district, nodes, and landmark. For this reason, a qualitative descriptive study was carried out, which was realized through observation and interviews and also documentation studies. The results of the research obtained from this study can be used as a reference and solution to find out the problems that exist int the area around Medan City gate and also give functional supports to develop the area around Medan City.</p> Dwi Lindarto Hadinugroho , Eunice Ananda Putri Matondang Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Thu, 27 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700 Sipiso-Piso Hotel Resort and Cottage (Neo-Vernacular Architecture) <p>Hotel Resort and Cottage is a facility that will later help to develop culture, tourist attractions and also increase regional income. Until 2017 infrastructure development in Indonesia, in general, cannot be said to be equitable because so far, infrastructure development is only concentrated in Java and infrastructure development outside Java which, is less especially in remote areas and border areas. However, this issue canaddress by increasing Regional native revenue (PAD). Indonesia is known as a diverse country of natural and cultural resources, can be the main attraction in the tourism sector to bring domestic and foreign tourists to the area.&nbsp; The methodology applied from the design of this resort hotel and cottage is research directly to the location to see the soil conditions, contours, facilities around the area, wind direction, view, and sunlight. It is also a reference to some of the existing literature regarding resort hotels and cottages. The area selected for this project is Sipiso-Piso, Saribu Dolok Street, Merek District, Karo Regency because of the many resources that can manage optimally. This place has the potential to be used as a tourist attraction as well as a cultural development place. However, this place lacks facilities and infrastructure. After identifying the needs of generator activities, researchers make the design of Hotel Resort and Cottagein, addition to improving tourist sites and cultural education, this design also aims to increase the revenue of this area. Analysis and design concepts using the interpretation of Neo Vernacular Architecture</p> Stella Bornok Ristamora, Firman Eddy Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Architecture and Urbanism Thu, 27 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0700