International Journal of Cultural and Art Studies <p>International Journal of Culture and Art Studies (online) or International Journal of Cultural and Art Studies (print) abbreviated as IJCAS is an academic, open access, and peer-reviewed journal founded and first published in 2018 by TALENTA Publisher and organized by Talenta Publisher &amp; <a href="">the Faculty of Cultural Sciences</a>, <a href="">University of Sumatera Utara</a>, Indonesia. It welcomes full research articles in the field of humanities from the following subject area: macro &amp; micro linguistics, traditional culture, oral tradition, literarure, history, tourism, local wisdom, etc.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong><img src="" /></strong></a> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong><img src="" /></strong></a></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>e-ISSN <a href="">2654-3591</a> </strong><strong>p-ISSN <a href="">2623-1999</a></strong></p> Talenta Publisher en-US International Journal of Cultural and Art Studies 2623-1999 Traditional Beliefs and Practices in Masquerading: Effutu Context <p>The study elevates the masquerading culture of Effutu masquerade and examines its functionalism of the traditional beliefs and practices associated with the masquerading culture in Winneba, Central Region of Ghana. The study employed a descriptive research tool under the qualitative research approach through ethnographic inquiry, which aimed at collecting data to unearth these traditional beliefs and practices of the Effutu masquerade. The study used unstructured interviews, photographs, and direct observation as the form of instrumentations to elicit information from the federation, some members, and leaders of the various masquerade groups in Winneba. The data was analyzed using descriptive and interpretative phenomenological (IPA) analysis tools. It was revealed that the Effutu masquerade culture possessed traditional beliefs and practices that were shrouded in religious, socioeconomic and aesthetic contexts. Functionalism in Effutu masquerade culture was seen as a repository for a critical reflection of the visual culture that promotes Ghana’s tradition and cultural values. The study concludes that the Effutu masquerade, irrespective of its distrust, contains elements of cultural richness and important traditional values that demonstrate a degree of philosophical urgency.</p> Victor Kweku Bondzie Micah Evans Kwadwo Donkor Owusu-Ansah Ankrah Copyright (c) 2022 Victor Kweku Bondzie Micah, Evans Kwadwo Donkor, Owusu-Ansah Ankrah 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 6 1 1 20 10.32734/ijcas.v6i1.7413 Chengyu Translation Techniques in Web Novel Di Yi Qi Shao <p>The translation is a process of transferring meaning from the source language to the target language. The translation process itself requires appropriate translation techniques in order to produce an acceptable translation in source language. Likewise, idiom or <em>chengyu</em> has its own translation techniques. This study aims to analyze the <em>chengyu</em> translation technique in the Chinese web novel “<em>Di Yi Qi Shao</em>” which has been translated to the Indonesian version called “<em>Menantu Palsu</em>” using the idiom translation theory introduced by Nida and Taber which are from idioms to non-idioms; from idioms to idioms; and from non-idioms to idioms. This research is a qualitative descriptive analysis using the content analysis technique as a data analysis technique. The research uses the idiom translation method from Nida and Taber as a reference. The data of this study consists of 196 <em>chengyu</em> contained in chapter 1 until chapter 25 of the web novel.The study results showed that 155 <em>chengyu</em> (79.08%) were translated from idioms to non-idioms technique and six <em>chengyu</em> (3.06%) were translated by from idioms to idioms technique. Apart from using those two techniques, 35 <em>chengyu</em> (17.86%) were not translated. The results of the study also show that in the process of translation, there is a similar <em>chengyu</em>, each being translated by the same translation technique, but there is also a similar <em>chengyu</em> on several occurrences: some were not translated. In addition, there are similar <em>chengyu</em> which on its several occurernces, were translated by similar techniques but resulted in different translations.</p> Agretio Agustian Hudiyekti Prasetyaningtyas Ayu Trihardini Copyright (c) 2022 Agretio Agustian, Hudiyekti Prasetyaningtyas, Ayu Trihardini 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 6 1 21 28 10.32734/ijcas.v6i1.7400 Inventing Latin America Under the Good Neighborhood Policy: The Case of the MoMA Collection, 1943 <p>This article describes the strategies of the North American government to help establish a Latin American Collection in the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) and the role that Lincoln Kirstein had as a collector of the works that made up the collection. The dialogue that Kirstein had with various personalities of the culture in the tasks of exhibition and collection is analyzed. We emphasize how the fine arts were spaces of political weighting, and areas usable by Good Neighbor politics. Finally, it is explained what kind of Latin American art was collected to make up the collection in 1943, and what idea of Latin America was represented through that selection. The research uses primary sources collected from MoMA Archives, Rockefeller Personal Archives, New York Public Library and Lincoln Kirstein Archives. The comparative method in history was used to review the different cases analyzed.</p> Andrea Matallana Copyright (c) 2022 Andrea Matallana 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 6 1 29 46 10.32734/ijcas.v6i1.8385 Gendered violence in Art: a study of Baroque and Classical Ages <p>Art and history are always mirrors of each other. Their specific modes of functioning, despite being dissimilar to each other, are still consonant. Consciousness of time is common to them, traveling continuously through the past and future, creating the present. But art; its representation, subversion, methods, spaces, humans and life is sometimes contrarian to the march of history. Art often defies history by rejecting the 'present' and creating its own utopia. "Indeed, music protects its social truth by virtue of its antithesis to the society, by virtue of isolation, yet by the same measure, this isolation lets music wither. It is as if its stimulus to production, its raison d’être, had been withdrawn.</p> Rishya Dharmani Copyright (c) 2022 Rishya Dharmani 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 6 1 47 59 10.32734/ijcas.v6i1.7465 The Characteristics of Society in Indonesian Based on the Hofstede Cultural Dimensions: Measuring the Five Indonesian Island <p>There is culturally plural happens in nowadays life context in many ethnicities, in the same space. This cultural diversity leads to different communication and attitude in social society. The difference between the two cultures, the bigger between two cultures exist, the bigger challenge to adapt. Previous research stated that Indonesia is one Hofstede cultural group. But based on its location, Indonesia has various ethnic and historical sites. By seeing all of them, this paper has aimed to measure, to classify, and to do mapping on Indonesian cultural dimension characteristics. It has some of research steps by considering culture, management, and clustering of Indonesian cultural dimensions. The measurement using Hofstede was conducted to on 805 respondents, analyzed by using principal component analysis and been clustered by using principal component analysis and clustered using the agglomeration hierarchy clustering method. Respondents were coming from Indonesian native live in Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Kupang and Ambon. The result showed that Indonesian culture could be categorized into 4 cluster groups; furthermore, it can be classified into 2 dimensions: <em>intrinsic characteristics</em> (1); <em>environmental and future characteristics</em> (2). The dimension of <em>intrinsic characteristics </em>consists of the <em>power distance index</em> (PDI), <em>collectivism</em> (COLL), and <em>masculinity</em> (MAS). At the same time, the dimension of <em>environmental and future characteristics </em>consists of uncertainty avoidance (UAI) and long-term orientation (LTO). The result of this study is a cultural mapping in Indonesian society that a potentially contribute to developing cultural pattern in smart cities.</p> Ratih Setyaningrum Andi Rahadiyan Wijaya Subagyo Subagyo Copyright (c) 2022 Ratih Setyaningrum, Andi Rahadiyan Wijaya, Subagyo Subagyo 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 6 1 60 74 10.32734/ijcas.v6i1.8720