PROTECTION OF TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY IN THE FIELD OF MEDICINES: IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY TECHNOLOGY
Keywords:traditional knowledge, protection, pharmaceutical industry
The use of traditional knowledge in the pharmaceutical industry is an interesting issue that continues to be discussed at the international level. Where, the pharmaceutical industry has already benefits of using traditional knowledge in their products. Traditional knowledge is community knowledge that has been used for generations. This article examines how to protect traditional knowledge of Indonesian people in the development of pharmaceutical industry technology. The results of the study found, that the protection of traditional knowledge at the WIPO-IGC GRTKF has confirmed protection through the IPR system by mentioning the source of origin when registering patents. And, the CBD emphasizes the protection of traditional knowledge which must be incorporated into national legislation. However, in national legislation it has not specifically accommodated in relation to traditional knowledge and only mentions of origin in Patent law. Therefore, the protection of traditional knowledge in the development of pharmaceutical industry technology requires a system of control from the government in registration of patent medicines and the benefits of sharing to the community.