Differences of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Degree In Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Patients With and Without Diabetes Mellitus
Keywords:BPH, DM, IPSS, LUTS Degree
Background. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a benign tumor that most often occurs in men. Many risk factors could cause BPH, one of which is diabetes mellitus (DM). Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease, characterized by hyperglycemia.
Method. This study was conducted at the Urology Polyclinic of the Universitas Sumatera Utara Hospital from August to September 2019. A total of 102 patients diagnosed with BPH were registered by cross-sectional study approach. Detailed medical history and physical examination were performed for all patients to diagnose BPH. While the diagnosis of DM was according to patient history or diabetic-medicine use. International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) were completed by all patients to obtain a LUTS degree.
Result. From a total of 102 patients diagnosed with BPH there were 97 patients were selected. The mean age of patients was 70.43 ± 7.52 year (range 50-88 year) and the total IPSS score was 17.55 ± 6.55. DM patients were more likely to report severe LUTS and the symptom score evaluated with IPSS was signiﬁcantly higher than in non non-DM group: 21.69 ± 5.41 vs 16.70 ± 6.41 (p=0.005). For the IPSS subscores, the DM group also show higher storage: 8.38 ± 4.57 vs 5.88 ± 3.72 (p = 0.02), voiding: 9.69 ± 2.47 vs 8.14 ± 3.21, (p= 0.039) and post micturition: 3.63 ± 1.26 vs 2.69 ± 1.744, (p= 0.045) symptoms significantly.
Conclusion: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia patients with DM manifested more severe lower urinary tract symptoms. Storage, voiding, post micturition, and urgency symptoms were also greater.
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