Uji Evektifitas Eksudat Akar Bangun – Bangun (Coleus amboimicus) untuk Menghambat Pertumbuhan Jamur Akar Putih (Rigidoporus micropus) di Laboratorium

Test the Effectiveness of the Bangun-bangun (Coleus amboimicus) Root Exudate to Inhibit the Growth of White Root Mushrooms (Rigidoporus micropus) in the Laboratory

  • Mhd. Irfansyah Harahap Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan 20155, Indonesia
  • Lisnawita Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan 20155, Indonesia
  • Suzanna Fitriany Sitepu Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan 20155, Indonesia
Keywords: Rigidoporus microporus, Coleus amboimicus, impediment ability test, Havea brasiliensis, uji daya hambat

Abstract

The white root rot disease caused by Rigidoporus micropus is the main disiase found in rubber trees that can cause decay on the roots. The research begins from April until August, 2016. It was conducted in Laboratorium Proteksi Balai Pembibitan Karet Sungai Putih Laboratory of Protection of Rubber Breeding Center, Deli Serdang District, North Sumatera Province. The objective of the research was to find out the potentials of root exudates to inhibit the growth of R. microporus. This research used non-factorial RAL (Completely Randomized Design) which observed the growth area of colony of R. microporus, hypha abnormality, inhibition percentage, protein analysis as well as hypha microscopy and macroscopy. In this study it was found that protein compounds were not inhibiting factors for growth of white root fungi but phenol compounds. The largest growth of R. microporus colony was found in the control treatment (64 cm2). Meanwhile, the lowest growth of R. microporus colony was found in the treatment of 10% of bangun-bangun root exudates. This research proves that bangun-bangun root exudates were able to inhibit the growth of white root rot disease of rubber. Hypha abnormality was found in every treatment which has been added by bangun-bangun root exudates. However, abnormalities of white root fungal hyphae were clearly seen in the treatment 10% of bangun-bangun of root exudates.

Penyakit jamur akar putih (JAP) disebabkan oleh Rigidoporus microporus merupakan penyakit utama pada pertanaman karet yang dapat mengakibatkan kerusakan pada akar tanaman. Penelitian dilaksanakan mulai bulan April 2016 sampai Agustus 2016, dan penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Laboraturium Proteksi Balai Pembibitan Karet Sungai Putih, Kabupaten Deli Serdang, Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui potensi eksudat akar bangun - bangun dalam menghambat pertumbuhan R. microporus. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) non faktorial. Peubah amatan adalah luas pertumbuhan koloni R. microporus, abnormalisasi hifa, persentase penghambatan, analisis protein, mikroskopis dan makroskopis hifa. Dalam penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa senyawa protein bukan faktor penghambat pertumbuhan jamur akar putih melainkan senyawa fenol. Pertumbuhan koloni R. microporus terbesar yaitu pada perlakuan kontrol (64 cm2), sedangkan pertumbuhan koloni R. microporus terkecil adalah pada perlakuan 10% eksudat akar bangun – bangun. Penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa eksudat akar bangun – bangun dapat menghambat pertumbuhan jamur akar putih. Abnormalisasi hifa terjadi pada setiap perlakuan yang telah diberi eksudat akar bangun - bangun. Namun abnormalisasi hifa jamur akar putih terlihat jelas pada perlakuan eksudat akar bangun – bangun 10%.

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Published
2019-06-27