Jurnal Peternakan Integratif https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jpi <p><strong>Jurnal Peternakan Integratif</strong>&nbsp;is a scientific journal covering animal science aspects published since 2012, is consistently published three times a year in April, August, and December by Animal Production Study Program, Universitas Sumatera Utara.&nbsp;Jurnal Peternakan Integratif is a peer reviewed journal.&nbsp; Jurnal&nbsp;Peternakan Integratif has been indexed and abstracted in&nbsp;<strong>Google Scholar</strong>, and other scientific databases.&nbsp;The journal also used Turnitin Check to prevent any suspected plagiarism in the manuscripts.</p> <p>Jurnal Peternakan Integratif receives manuscripts encompass a broad range of research topics in tropical animal sciences: nutrition, breeding and genetics, reproduction and physiology, feed sciences, agrostology, animal products, biotechnology, energy, behaviour, welfare, health, livestock farming system, socio-economic, and policy.</p> <p>Jurnal Peternakan Integratif is published by Talenta Publisher under Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan 20155, Indonesia.</p> Talenta Publisher en-US Jurnal Peternakan Integratif 2303-3207 <div id="coptf"> <p align="justify">The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Jurnal Peternakan Integratif <span id="result_box" lang="en">as well as TALENTA Publisher Universitas Sumatera Utara</span> as the publisher of the journal.</p> <p align="justify">Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all forms and media. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, will be allowed only with written permission from Jurnal Peternakan Integratif.</p> <p align="justify">The Copyright Transfer Form can be downloaded here. <br>The copyright form should be signed originally and sent to the Editorial Office in the form of original mail or scanned document.</p> </div> Percentage of Carcass, Gizzard, Liver and Heart Of Quail That Were Fed Temulawak Seed in Drinking Water https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jpi/article/view/8698 <p>That was study aims to determine the effect of temulawak juice in drinking water on slaughter weight and carcass weight. The treatment in this study used quail and ginger extract. The data obtained were then tabulated using analysis of variance and continued with Duncan's multiple distance test. The results of this study indicate that the application of temulawak juice in drinking water did haven’t a significant effect on the percentage of quail carcass, liver and gizzard, but had a significant effect on the percentage of heart.</p> Harapin Hafid R. Oktovian Nuraini Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Peternakan Integratif https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 10 01 1 10 10.32734/jpi.v10i01.8698 Utilization of Fermented Conch Mas (Pomacea cannaliculata) Flour with Eco Enzymes on Egg Production and Quail Egg Weight https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jpi/article/view/9197 <p>Feed is one of the determining factors for the success of livestock production because it takes up 70-80% of production costs. High-protein feed ingredients are one of the high-priced feed ingredients, so it is necessary to use non- conventional feeds. The golden snail is a pest that interferes with rice growth in agricultural areas. The golden snail has a high protein content so it is very efficient to be used as a protein source feed ingredient. In this study, fermented golden snails in the form of flour were used as a substitute for fish meal in the rations of laying quail. The design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) using 4 treatments and 5 replications, namely P0 = 8% fish flour, P1 = 4% fermented golden snail flour, P2</p> <p>= 8% fermented golden snail flour, P3 = 12% fermented golden snail flour . The research parameters were feed consumption, egg production, egg weight, feed conversion. The results showed that the utilization of fermented golden snail flour up to 12% had a very significant effect (P&lt;0.01) on feed consumption, egg production and feed conversion with an average of 108.573g/e/week, 33.476%, and 1 ,77. However, it gave an insignificant impact on egg weight with an average value of 10.15 g/grain. The highest ration consumption was at P0 of 114,488g/e/week, the highest egg production was at P3 of 40.667% and the best feed conversion was at P3 of 1.06. The results showed that the use of fermented golden snail flour using 12% Eko enzymes was suitable to be used as a substitute for fish meal</p> feri junedi situmeang N. Ginting N. Ketaren Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Peternakan Integratif https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 10 01 11 17 10.32734/jpi.v10i01.9197 Contamination Analysis of Escherichia coli on Broiler Chicken Meat in Traditional Markets of Medan City https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jpi/article/view/6128 <p><em>Escherichia c</em><em>oli</em> (<em>E. coli</em><em>)</em> is a gram negative bacteria that can reduce the quality of meat and cause diarrhea if the amount is too much.This study aims to investigate the presence of <em>E. coli</em> contamination in chicken meat sell in traditional markets in Medan. This research was conducted using the perposive sampling method and collect samples from 30% of each nine traditional markets with a total of 32 samples. The traditional markets in Medan, namely Petisah, Central, Sei kambing, Kampung Lalang, Kwala Bekala, Helvetia, Kampung Baru, Kemiri and Padang Bulan. Reserch were conducted by using the CFU / ml method with chromocult media. Samples were analyzed in the laboratory of the Regional Veterinary Disease Investigation Center Region 1 Medan. The results showed 32 samples of chicken meat had exceeded the maximum limit of microbial contamination. The highest total microbial average was in the Kampung Lalang market 3.49 Log CFU / g, and the lowest was in the Kemiri market of 2.79 Log CFU / g. Based on the results of the research, it was found that the meat in the traditional markets of Medan was all contaminated with <em>E. coli</em> and had passed the maximum limit of bacterial contamination.</p> julinda siregar S. Umar N.D.Hanafi Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Peternakan Integratif https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 10 01 18 25 10.32734/jpi.v10i01.6128 Salmonella sp. and Escherichia coli Contamination on Beef from Slaughterhouse and Traditional Markets in Medan City https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jpi/article/view/8776 <p><em>Salmonella sp</em> and <em>Escherichia coli are</em> zoonotic pathogenic bacteria that can be found on beef. The presence of bacterial contamination on meat will impact the meat quality physical and in microbiological. The environment of the slaughter area is one of the factors causing <em>Salmonella sp</em> and <em>Escherichia coli</em> contamination in beef. The study aimed to determine the presence of <em>Salmonella sp.</em> and <em>Escherichia coli</em> contamination on meat from Slaughterhouses (RPH) and Medan Traditional Markets. Sampling was taken in 4 locations; RPH, and three traditional markets: Brayan, MMTC, and Central Market. Meat samples researched from October to December 2021 at Laboratorium Balai Penguji Penyidik Penyakit Balai Veteriner Regional Wilayah I. Data analysis used Paired Sample T-Test. The positive result of Salmonella spp contamination was found one a meat samples from Brayan Market. Meanwhile, Negative results of <em>Salmonella spp</em> contamination were found on meat samples from Slaughterhouse, MMTC Market, and Central Market. Furthermore, <em>Escherichia coli is </em>also found on almost all meat samples from RPH, and traditional markets.</p> Annisa Luthfiyah Fais N. Ginting U. Hasanah Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Peternakan Integratif https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 10 01 26 39 10.32734/jpi.v10i01.8776 Effect of Fermentation Duration and Dosage of EM4 on Maturity Level and Quality of Fermented Compost Fertilizer. https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jpi/article/view/8697 <p>Livestock waste often causes pollution around the cage. Processing of livestock waste such as compost can be used as fertilizer for plants with good enough nutrient content given to plants. In order to produce good compost, it require a fermentation process. One way that is rarely used to determine the maturity level of compost is by measuring the carbon dioxide gas content in fermented compost. Measurement of carbon dioxide gas can be done using a tool in the form of a carbon dioxide sensor. The research design used was a 7 x 3 randomized block design with 2 replications, while the parameters studied were N, P, K, Moisture Content, pH, Temperature, C/N, Carbon Dioxide.</p> Liberty Indrayani Br Sinuraya A. Sadeli Hasnudi Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Peternakan Integratif https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 10 01 40 48 10.32734/jpi.v10i01.8697 Financial Analysis of the Utilization of Golden Snail Flour (Pomacea canaliculata) With Eco Enzyme Fermentation in Quail Ration https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jpi/article/view/8690 <p>Quail has a competitive ability to compete with other sources of meat in meeting the needs of the community. Feed is the basic need of every animal. From an economic point of view, the cost of feed is very high, reaching 70% of the total cost of quail production. One of the ingredients that can be used as feed ingredients for animal protein sources that are widely available is the golden snail or called the mulberry snail <em>(Pomacea canaliculata L) </em>. One way to increase the nutritional content of feed ingredients is by fermentation. The golden snail flour is fermented using eco-enzymes, where these eco-enzymes are very easy to make and require little cost to manufacture. So it is necessary to calculate the financial analysis of quail feed made using gold snail flour fermented using eco-enzymes. The research design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The parameters studied are Total Production Costs, Total Production Results, Profit and Loss Analysis, <em>Income Over Feed Cost </em>(IOFC), and R/C <em>(Revenue/Cost) </em>. Based on the results of the study, it was found that feeding using golden snail flour fermented using eco-enzymes in the ration as much as 12% got the best results, because Total Production Costs, Total Production Results, Profit-Loss Analysis, <em>Income Over Feed Cost </em>(IOFC), and R /C <em>(Revenue/Cost) </em>got the best results compared to other treatments.</p> Naomi Tampubolon N. Ginting Hasnudi Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Peternakan Integratif https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 10 01 49 60 10.32734/jpi.v10i01.8690 The Effectiveness of Eco Enzymes to Suppress the Development of Sarcoptes scabiei Mites In Vitro https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jpi/article/view/8691 <p>Scabies is a disease caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei that attacks goats. It is quite difficult for traditional goat breeders to obtain scabies medicine because of the high price, so alternative treatment is necessary. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of eco-enzymes as an alternative for the treatment of scabies in goats. The study was conducted at the Sei Putih Goat Research Workshop, Galang District, from September to October 2021. This study used a factorial completely randomized design because there were two factors, namely the concentration of ecoenzymes (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%) and time difference (0 hours, 2 hours, 4 hours, 6 hours, 8 hours) and repeated 4 times. Each replication contained 10 mites. The parameters used were the number of dead mites, mite death rate and mite lethal concentration. The results showed that the ecoenzyme was effective in killing and suppressing the growth of Sarcoptes scabiei mites in vitro. The LC50 value is 40.45% which proves that the eco-enzyme is able to kill mites in goats.</p> Tengku Alfian Mursyid N. Ginting P Patriani Anwar Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Peternakan Integratif https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 10 01 61 70 10.32734/jpi.v10i01.8691 Effect Of Fermented Rice Straw With Ecoenzymes On Digestibility of Dry Matter and Organic Matter In Local Sheep https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jpi/article/view/8711 <p>Rice straw with abundant availability becomes very potential to be used as local sheep feed. Fermentation needs to be done to improve the nutritional quality of rice straw which is quite low. The nutritional content needs to be considered in order to support the productivity of sheep. Local sheep is one of the livestock commodities that provide meat. This study aimed to determine the digestibility of dry matter and organic matter feed based on rice straw (oryza sativa) fermented with ecoenzymes in male local sheep. The research was carried out in Namorambe, Deli Serdang Regency, North Sumatra from January to March 2021 and at the Chemistry Postgraduate Laboratory, University of North Sumatra. The design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments consisted of P0 (100% odot grass without fermented rice straw), P1 (75% odot grass and 25% fermented rice straw), P2 (50% odot grass and 50% fermented rice straw), P3 (25% odot grass and 75% fermented rice straw), P4 (100% fermented rice straw without odot grass). The parameters observed were dry matter digestibility and organic matter digestibility. The results showed that the administration of fermented rice straw with ecoenzymes did not significantly affect the dry matter and organic matter digestibility of male local sheep. The conclusion of the study showed that the administration of fermented rice straw with ecoenzymes had the same dry matter and organic matter digestibility as odot grass.</p> Yogi Rosalina Ginting S. Umar N. Ginting Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Peternakan Integratif https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 10 01 71 77 10.32734/jpi.v10i01.8711