Jurnal Sistem Teknik Industri https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jsti <p style="text-align: justify;">Jurnal Sistem Teknik Industri (JSTI) of Universitas Sumatera Utara, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Engineering, was published in 1998. Until now, the number of publications has reached 26 volumes, each of which is published by Talenta Publisher twice a year . Each volume has two publishing numbers, namely January issue numbers and July issue numbers. Currently, <span style="color: #000000; font-family: Noto Sans, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;">Jurnal Sistem Teknik Industri (JSTI)</span> Vol. 26 Number 2 will be published. The Department of Industrial Engineering requires all lecturers and students to produce journals to be published, one of which is in JSTI.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">JSTI was published with print ISSN <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1180430184" target="_blank" rel="noopener">1411-5247</a> and ISSN Online <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1456908564" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2527-9408</a>. JSTI has been accredited as Sinta 4 journal based on <a title="Sinta Akreditasi" href="https://drive.google.com/open?id=1bgzB-fsrsXVMGLjkXqV30OfBjFXB8B5t" target="_blank" rel="noopener">B / 3693 / E5 / E5.2.1 / 2019 .</a></p> TALENTA Publisher en-US Jurnal Sistem Teknik Industri 1411-5247 <p style="color: #252525;" align="justify">The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, the copyright of the article shall be assigned to <span id="result_box" lang="en" style="color: #252525;">TALENTA Publisher Universitas Sumatera Utara</span> as the publisher of the journal.</p> <p style="color: #252525;" align="justify">Copyright encompasses the rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all forms and media. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases, and its transmission by any form or medium will be allowed.</p> Applying of Social Return on Investment (SROI): A Practical Review to Financial Social Value and Benefits https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jsti/article/view/11250 <p>The objective of the study is to analyze a Social Return on Investment method for companies. Data were collected from scientific publications from 2007 to 2022 and selected based on previous studies. The main principle is to explore, review, and formulate the benefits and contributions of all research, as well as the application of various types of SROI. The methodology resulted in 13 articles that identified the social values and benefits of SROI over the last decade. The results obtained in this paper were reviewed using tables for advanced analysis. Additionally, this study presents qualitative results and investigates methodical publications that have had a significant impact on the company.</p> Al Akhyar Munthe Nazaruddin Meilita Tryana Sembiring Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Sistem Teknik Industri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-01-29 2024-01-29 26 1 1 10 10.32734/jsti.v26i1.11250 A Review of Literature on Lean Manufacturing Tools and Implementation Based on Case Studies https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jsti/article/view/11489 <p>This research focuses on reviewing the Lean Manufacturing (LM) implementation which is widely applied in the manufacture company to overcome or reduce waste. The aim of this article is to find out more about the influence on the industry sector. This research was developed by collecting research from indexed databanks of Scopus, Science direct, ResearchGate, etc. This review study is significant to identify the application of lean manufacturing in dealing with waste through implementation into several case studies. A total of 24 articles were selected, taking into account criteria such as keywords, article titles and publications of international publishers, which were selected through a systematic process. This study found that the application of lean manufacturing is a method that brings many advantages that work by minimizing losses and waste, and the Value Stream Mapping method is more often used as part of several Lean Manufacturing techniques to identify and analyze the occurrence of waste while providing solutions that lead to improvement. process and cost reduction.</p> Yoga Prawira Aulia Ishak Anizar Anizar Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Sistem Teknik Industri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-01-29 2024-01-29 26 1 11 21 10.32734/jsti.v26i1.11489 Integrated Value Engineering with QFD and DFA as Product Design and Development Techniques: Literature Review https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jsti/article/view/11901 <p>Value engineering is an organized, rigorous strategy that assesses the performance, noise, quality, safety, and compatibility of systems, outfits, installations, services, and inventories to deliver necessary functionalities at the lowest life cycle cost. Eliminating unnecessary expenses from design, testing, production, operations, procedures, accounting, conservation, and other areas is the best course of action. The purpose of the paper's initial investigation was to list the drawbacks of value engineering in product creation. These transgressions highlight the necessity for alternative methods when implementing value engineering techniques. To address critical inverse issues throughout the process, from the stage of product demand analysis to product design, product, and operation, value engineering is combined with various engineering methods. The results demonstrate that there are distinct paths in which the benefit of integration engineering using QFD or DFA may be used. Even so, this integration is providing a better option for the planning of products or services through a process that not only means providing a better value for client satisfaction but also lowers expenses, shortening development times, and reducing the need for rework conditions—all without compromising performance, reducing anxiety, or lowering the quality of the final product.</p> Handa Rivaldi Husal Rosnani Ginting Anizar Anizar Copyright (c) 2024 TALENTA Publisher Universitas Sumatera Utara https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-01-29 2024-01-29 26 1 22 34 10.32734/jsti.v26i1.11901 Implementation of Lean Manufacturing Methodology and Its Application: A Literature Review https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jsti/article/view/12158 <p>This study aims to investigate and analyze several previous works of relevant literature on the Lean Manufacturing technique in international journals. The methodology used to review the previous studies was carried out through a survey based on descriptive, qualitative, and bibliographical surveys in International Journal with restriction to the period of publication from 2017 – 2022 published on databases and electronic journals in English with the scope to examine and analyze in-depth the extent to which literature used to discuss results in the selected papers of applying the Lean Manufacturing technique in several case studies. After conducting a survey, only thirty-three articles were found with the theme of the application of Lean Manufacturing and its technique in manufacturing companies. Twenty-one techniques/tools of Lean Manufacturing were found problem-solving for waste time elimination, reducing process cycle times, and implementing process improvement. It is concluded that the most used methodology in waste reduction is Value Stream Mapping.</p> Martin Manurung Anizar Anizar Aulia Ishak Copyright (c) 2024 TALENTA Publisher Universitas Sumatera Utara https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-01-29 2024-01-29 26 1 35 46 10.32734/jsti.v26i1.12158 Assessing Work System Processes Using Macroergonomic Analysis and Design Approach: A Literature Review https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jsti/article/view/12878 <p>This study's goal is to provide an overview of the macroergonomics approach, which is used to evaluate work systems and make improvements to working conditions and efficiency. A process for the system evaluation was developed using the pertinent framework, Macroergonomic Analysis and Design (MEAD). Using the MEAD framework, the system may be assessed more completely overall, and any conflicts can be resolved to fully harmonize the system. A thematic analysis of papers addressing macroergonomic analysis and design (MEAD) is the methodology used in this study. To successfully complete a research project using this methodology, ten steps must be followed. The ten steps are as follows: examining the subsystem of organizational and environmental design; identifying the type of manufacturing system and establishing performance benchmarks; outlining work procedures and unit operations; detecting variances; generating the matrix of variances; establishing the role network and key variance control table; allocating functions and designing jointly; recognizing the views of roles and responsibilities; creating and modifying interfaces and supporting subsystems; putting into practice, refining, and upgrading.</p> Nahdah Fadhilah Abdul Rahim Matondang Anizar Anizar Copyright (c) 2024 TALENTA Publisher Universitas Sumatera Utara https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-01-29 2024-01-29 26 1 47 56 10.32734/jsti.v26i1.12878 Hierarchical Control Planning Based on the Film 'Avatar: The Way of Water' to Minimize Work Accidents Among Fishermen https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jsti/article/view/13571 <p>Cultivating health and occupational safety among fishermen can involve various strategies, such as reviewing movies for insights. These films serve as reflections of the relevance to the cultural aspects of fishermen's health and safety, contributing to the Health and Occupational Safety Triangle or Hierarchy Control. Hierarchy Control, a sequential risk reduction process, encompasses elimination, substitution, design, administration, and personal protective equipment (PPE). The study aims to reduce or eliminate work accidents for fishermen, utilizing planning hierarchy control with an approach involving Macro Ergonomics, Semiotics, and the Fogg Behavior Model. Findings identify a minimal health and safety culture during service, leading to the design of three hierarchy controls: Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for machines and equipment (administrative control), ship closures for noise reduction (engineering controls), and the implementation of Personal Protective Equipment. However, elimination and substitution remain challenging to implement in daily service activities.</p> Dinda Okta Dwiyanti Ridwan Gucci Muhammad Adi Sukma Nalendra Prisilia Cahaya Putri Sarena Yohaneis Saleh Copyright (c) 2024 TALENTA Publisher Universitas Sumatera Utara https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-01-29 2024-01-29 26 1 57 69 10.32734/jsti.v26i1.13571 Integration of Lean Six Sigma and Ergonomics in Internal Logistics in the Supply Chain – A Systematic Literature https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jsti/article/view/13743 <p>Today's most significant challenge facing the industry is delivering good quality products quickly, at the lowest possible cost, and flexibly in meeting demand. In terms of timing accuracy, companies must have good internal logistics, one of which is good warehouse management. Productivity in warehouses can be achieved by improving efficiency in warehouse operations, thus resulting in a faster response to customer requests. In improving productivity, it is necessary first to identify unexpected activity. This study demonstrates the importance of applying Lean Six Sigma (LSS) in Supply Chain Management (SCM), particularly internal logistics in the warehouse area, by linking the ergonomics principle with the systematic literature review approach. LSS and ergonomics are mutually complementary methodologies to meet the challenges of SCM in order to have a competitive advantage in business.</p> Virarey Mayang Markus Hartono Amelia Santoso Copyright (c) 2024 TALENTA Publisher Universitas Sumatera Utara https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-01-29 2024-01-29 26 1 70 78 10.32734/jsti.v26i1.13743 A Trust Model for Electrical Stove Technology Acceptance of Indonesian Stereotype https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jsti/article/view/14270 <p>The surge in LPG consumption within Indonesian households, coupled with stagnant LPG production, has compelled the government to import 75% of LPG by 2022. Despite initial plans for a transition to electric stoves in 2023, the program was halted due to widespread public resistance to electric stove technology. The rejection was attributed, in part, to low trust in this emerging technology, emphasizing the pivotal role of trust in influencing technological acceptance. In response, this research endeavors to construct a robust and reliable model capturing trust in the acceptance of electric stove technology. Utilizing the PLS Structural Equation Model method for data analysis, the focus centers on two trust indicators: propensity trust and human-machine trust. In the quest for a valid model, the statistical modeling technique considers five initial hypotheses developed with 32 trust-related items. Upon analysis, one hypothesis is rejected, while four are accepted. Notably, the trust human-machine (THM) variable emerges as a significant influencer of trust for electric stove technology (TTK), substantiated by a path coefficient of 0.917 and p = &lt;0.001. Thus, the resulting model takes on a reflective form, offering insights into the intricate dynamics of trust in the acceptance of electric stove technology.</p> Nofias Fajri Andi Velahyati Baharuddin Dimas Akmarul Putera Firdhani Faujiyah Copyright (c) 2024 TALENTA Publisher Universitas Sumatera Utara https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-01-29 2024-01-29 26 1 79 92 10.32734/jsti.v26i1.14270 Revenue Management Strategies in Airline Industry: A Literature Review https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jsti/article/view/14363 <p>The airline industry has rapidly evolved, fostering intense competition among companies. This competition drives airlines to formulate strategies for revenue maximization, giving rise to Revenue Management. This literature review spans the past 13 years, examining the development of Airline Revenue Management methods. By analyzing 22 journals with at least Q2 and SINTA 2 indexing, three primary scopes emerge: Quantity Decision, Pricing Decision, and Structural Decision. Airlines predominantly employ dynamic pricing and programming to optimize revenue by adapting to ongoing changes. The development trend in Airline Revenue Management indicates a shift towards faster and more accurate processing through increased integration with simulation and algorithm programming. This paper identifies the three main scopes involved in revenue management strategies and explores the diverse approaches airlines take to optimize income. Notably, dynamic pricing and programming remain prevalent methods, adapting to changing decision variables. The evolving landscape emphasizes integration with advanced technology for efficient processing. The study utilizes numerical and case studies to exemplify the ongoing development of Airline Revenue Management methods within this dynamic industry.</p> Haposan Vincentius Manalu Demas Haryo Bismantoko Oktaviana Putri Kresna Adi Mahendra Copyright (c) 2024 TALENTA Publisher Universitas Sumatera Utara https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-01-29 2024-01-29 26 1 93 102 10.32734/jsti.v26i1.14363 Hazard Identification Using Task Risk Assessment Method and Bowtie Analysis (Case Study: PT. Varia Usaha Beton) https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jsti/article/view/14417 <p>PT. Varia Usaha Beton is a subsidiary of PT. Semen Indonesia Beton, which produces various types of products. PT Varia Usaha Beton (BSP Purwokerto) has an open work area where there are potential hazards such as physical factors, chemical factors and ergonomic factors. The aim of this research is to identify hazards, assess risks and control risks in the production process of ready-mixed concrete so that workplace accidents can be minimized. The methods used in this research are task risk assessment and bowtie analysis. Based on the research results, it was found that 1 risk belonged to the low category, 27 risks belonged to the medium category, and 11 risks belonged to the high category. Based on the bow-tie method, the major risks are exposure to fly ash and cement dust, risk of diesel spills, and risk of electric shock. The main causes of workplace accidents are pipe leaks and improper diesel filling. The main risk effects of workplace accidents are worker injury, and fire. The bowtie analysis method determines that the risk of electric shock is due to a damaged cable and the existing protective barrier is intended to replace the damaged cable. This risk has consequences, namely injuries to workers.</p> Dika Setianingsih Hasyim Asyari Copyright (c) 2024 TALENTA Publisher Universitas Sumatera Utara https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-01-29 2024-01-29 26 1 103 112 10.32734/jsti.v26i1.14417 Applying Lean in Healthcare to Reduce Waste: A Literature Review https://talenta.usu.ac.id/jsti/article/view/14842 <p>The high level of competition both in the industry and in the field of services, so it requires every organization to make improvements. For the quality of health services to continue to be guaranteed to patients, efforts need to be made to improve service quality and also reduce operational costs. Therefore, the concept of lean is proposed to address this problem in healthcare. This paper aims to explore lean implementation in healthcare using review literature obtained from the Google Scholar database of 150 articles with publication years from 2019-2023. The findings of this paper provide suggestions for future research regarding lean trends in healthcare, which shows the importance of adopting lean in healthcare for future improvement. In addition, this paper also shows to develop a lean healthcare model in industry 4.0, lean six sigma and also pay attention to the supporting and inhibiting factors of lean healthcare implementation.</p> Surya Indrawan Sirlyana Copyright (c) 2024 TALENTA Publisher Universitas Sumatera Utara https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2024-01-29 2024-01-29 26 1 113 119 10.32734/jsti.v26i1.14842