Sumatera Medical Journal https://talenta.usu.ac.id/smj <p><em>Sumatera Medical Journal</em> (SUMEJ), the official journal of the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia, publishes research covering the very latest development in medical sciences. It is a peer-reviewed, open-access, and fully-online journal that is issued at least three times a year since 2018, published by the TALENTA Publisher of Universitas Sumatera Utara.</p> <p>Authors are invited to submit original articles, review articles (systematic review and meta-analysis), and case report. All submitted manuscript will have a rigorous editorial check and peer-review assessment before a final decision. We commit to maintaining the ethical standards in medical publication, including the transparency in the review and publication process; authors’ retention of copyright; and the nature of open access publication with no restrictions on availability and dissemination.</p> <p><a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1532400736">ISSN: 2622-9234</a></p> en-US <div id="coptf"> <p align="justify">The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Data Science: <span id="result_box" lang="en">Sumatera Medical Journal (SUMEJ) and Faculty of Medicine as well as TALENTA Publisher Universitas Sumatera Utara</span> as publisher of the journal.</p> <p align="justify">Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, will be allowed only with a written permission from Sumatera Medical Journal (SUMEJ).</p> <p align="justify">The Copyright Transfer Form can be downloaded <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1CxZCdNiRC0sMlQbcHbJIeuHN8KZqN_oa/view?usp=sharing" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here</a>. <br>The copyright form should be signed originally and sent to the Editorial Office in the form of original mail or scanned document.</p> </div> delfitri_munir@yahoo.com (Delfitri Munir) sumej@usu.ac.id (Bambang Riono) Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 +0700 OJS 3.2.0.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Relationship Between Stress and Incidence of Sleep Disorder Among Students at The Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sumatera Utara https://talenta.usu.ac.id/smj/article/view/7988 <p><strong>Abstract. </strong>Stress is a non-specific response of the body to any form of changes. Stress is generally considered synonymous with distress. Long study duration and high academic achievement targets have the potential to cause stress in medical students. Prolonged stress can cause sleep disturbances in a person. Sleep disorders are a group of conditions that can disrupt sleep patterns. <strong>Objective.</strong> The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of stress on sleep disorders in undergraduate students at the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara. <strong>Method</strong><strong>s.</strong> This research is an analytic study with a cross-sectional design. Respondents are undergraduate students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of North Sumatra, class of 2018-2021. Data was obtained through a questionnaire instrument. <strong>Results.</strong> Of the 103 respondents, 58 (56.3%) reported experiencing stressful events with sleep disturbances. <strong>Conclusion.</strong> There was a significant relationship (P = 0.047) between stress and sleep disorders in students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of North Sumatra. In majority, the type of their sleep disorder are nightmares.</p> Ibnati Amira Hamdi Hamdi Copyright (c) 2022 Sumatera Medical Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/smj/article/view/7988 Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 +0700 The The Relationship Between Anxiety Level with the Onset of Acne Vulgaris in Medical Faculty of Universitas Sumatera Utara 2016 – 2018 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/smj/article/view/7890 <p>Acne vulgaris (AV) is a chronic inflammation of the follicle pilosebaceous induced by <em>Propionibacterium acnes</em>. Anxious circumstances increase the androgen hormones. This increases the production of sebum and the proliferation then activates <em>Propionibacterium acnes</em>, resulting in AV. To find out the relationship between levels of anxiety and the onset of AV to the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara (FK USU) 2016 – 2018 conducted observational research with cross sectional design. This research samples as many as 66 students of FK USU Group 2016 – 2018 and using stratified random sampling method. The result of anxiety level of FK USU students indicates that there are mild anxiety (92.4%) moderate anxiety (6.1%) and severe anxiety (1.5%). The AV event of FK USU students indicates that there are mild acne (51.5%) moderate acne (40.9%) severe acne (6.1%) and normal results (1.5%). With the chi square test there is a significant link between the level of anxiety and the onset of the vulgaris (p = 0.026). There is a significant relationship between the levels of anxiety with the onset of AV on student of FK USU 2016-2018.</p> Vanny Salsabila, Cut Putri Hazlianda Copyright (c) 2022 Sumatera Medical Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/smj/article/view/7890 Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 +0700 OVERVIEW OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOUR LEVEL AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS OF UNIVERSITAS SUMATERA UTARA TOWARDS Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota IN PROBIOTIC DRINK https://talenta.usu.ac.id/smj/article/view/8013 <div><strong><span lang="IN">Introduction. </span></strong></div> <div><span lang="IN">Probiotics are widely used in health research because it is considered to be beneficial for human health. <em>Lactobacillus casei</em> strain Shirota is one of the lactic acid bacteria which mostly found in commercial drink. This bactery can improve gut’s immunity towards pathogen by producing bacteriocin which is able to lower the pH in the gut. However it was found inappropriate probiotic product storaging, inappropriate way of consuming probiotic drink and the mixing of probiotic drink with other drinks randomly could disrupt the viability of probiotic bacteria which would reduce the benefits of the probiotic drink. <strong>Aim. </strong>The aim of this study is to observe the knowledge, attitude and behaviour level from students of faculty of medicine Universitas Sumatera Utara towards <em>Lactobacillus casei</em> strain Shirota in probiotic drink. <strong>Method. </strong>This is a descriptive research with cross sectional approach. The research is collecting primary data using questionnaire about knowledge, attitude and behaviour level towards <em>Lactobacillus casei</em> strain Shirota in probiotic drinks. <strong>Result. </strong>From 152 respondents who met all the criteria, there are 48,7% respondents have good knowledge level, 45,4% sufficient and 5,9% deficient. Moreover, there are 22,4% respondents have good attitude level, 47,4% sufficient and 30,3% deficient. Also, there are 77% respondents have good behaviour level, 21% sufficient and 2,0% deficient. <strong>Conclusion. </strong>Majority of respondents have good knowledge level, sufficient attitude level and good behaviour level towards <em>Lactobacillus casei</em> strain Shirota.</span></div> Vega Inriani, Maria Magdalena Simatupang, Nindia Sugih Arto, Dudy Aldiansyah Copyright (c) 2022 Sumatera Medical Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/smj/article/view/8013 Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 +0700 An Overview of The Level of Knowledge of Medical Student of Universitas Sumatera Utara about Risky Pregnancies https://talenta.usu.ac.id/smj/article/view/7964 <p><strong><em>Background.</em></strong><em> One indicator of a country's health status is the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR). Every pregnant woman has potential dangers during pregnancy, childbirth, and puerperium. Until now, in all parts of the world, risky pregnancies, especially high-risk pregnancies, are still a problem in health services, especially in developing countries. In Indonesia, MMR decreased during the period 1991-2015 from 390 to 305 per 100,000 live births. However, this is still far from the MDGs target goal, which is 102 per 100,000 live births. Many women are still pregnant or giving birth at a risky age. This condition leads to many complications (especially high-risk pregnancies) such as miscarriage, premature birth, genetic disorders, and even death. This may occur due to the lack of knowledge and education of general practitioners who serve pregnant women, especially in peripheral areas.<strong> Objective.</strong> This study aims to determine the knowledge level of Medical students of Universitas Sumatera Utara about risky pregnancy. <strong>Methods.</strong> This research was conducted in a quantitative descriptive study with a cross-sectional design. This research was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara. The samples of this study were students of the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, which were taken by proportionate stratified. Primary data was collected using a questionnaire containing 21 true and false questions. <strong>Result.</strong> It was found that the knowledge of students from the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara class 2018 and 2019 regarding risky pregnancies was good (85.7%). <strong>Conclusion.</strong> Students of the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, class of 2019 have better knowledge than students of class 2018.</em></p> Kindry Manik, Hotma Partogi Pasaribu Copyright (c) 2022 Sumatera Medical Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://talenta.usu.ac.id/smj/article/view/7964 Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 +0700