Low Malay Language as A Stimulant for Bahasa Indonesia Development

  • Novika Stri Wrihatni University of Indonesia
  • Hermina Sutami University of Indonesia
Keywords: conversation, low malay, marginalized, romance short stories

Abstract

Bahasa Indonesia, which is the national and official language in Indonesia, is the result of the development of the High Malay Language (High Malay) in Riau. As the language used in the literature published by Balai Pustaka, the High Malay is respected as a language that is higher; than other languages used by the people of the Archipelago in the period before Indonesian independence in 1945. One of the lower languages is Low Malay Language (Low Malay). Some literary works written in this language were printed by printing presses belonging to individuals consisting of indigenous and Chinese groups. The Low Malay style was used in writing romance to make the stories feel more alive. This language of conversation should be counted as one type of language that contributes to the Indonesian language. The range of its uses is vast. However, with the development of politics in Indonesia, the Low Malay is once again marginalized. The language now only lives in conversation, yet it remains alive and developed along with the development of the times and the many influences of foreign languages on Indonesian language.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

H. Kridalaksana, “From Low Malay to Standard Malay” paper on Konperensi Internasional ISMIL, Leiden, 2002.

S.T. Alisjahbana, Sutan Takdir. (1975). Dari Perjuangan Pertumbuhan Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta. PT Dian Rakyat.

H. Kridalaksana, Masa-masa Awal Bahasa Indonesia, Depok: Laboratorium Leksikologi dan Leksikografi Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya Universitas Indonesia, 2009.

H. Kridalaksana, ”Mitos tentang terjadinya Bahasa Indonesia” in Harimurti Kridalaksana (ed.), Masa Lampau Bahasa Indonesia: sebuah bunga rampai, Yogyakarta, Penerbit Kanisius, 175-179, 1991.

S. Effendi & Zulkarnaen, Ikhtisar Sejarah Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Lembaga Bahasa Nasional Direktorat Jenderal Kebudayaan Departemen P dan K, 1972.

U. Junus, Sedjarah dan Perkembangan Kearah Bahasa Indonesia dan Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Bhratara, 1969.

H. Steinhauaer, ”Tentang Sejarah Bahasa Indonesia” in Harimurti Kridalaksana (ed.), Masa Lampau Bahasa Indonesia: sebuah Bunga Rampai. Yogyakarta, Penerbit Kanisius, 195-218, 1991.

Published
2019-04-30
How to Cite
Novika Stri Wrihatni, & Sutami, H. (2019). Low Malay Language as A Stimulant for Bahasa Indonesia Development. International Journal of Cultural and Art Studies, 2(1), 38-53. https://doi.org/10.1234/ijcas.v2i1.938