Uji Efikasi Rodentisida Nabati Daun Ruku-ruku (Ocimum sanctum L.) terhadap Mortalitas Tikus Sawah (Rattus argentiventer Robb & Kloss) di Laboratorium

Efficacy Test Botanical Rodenticide Ruku-ruku’s Leaves (Ocimum sanctum L.) onMortality of Rice Field Rat (Rattus argentiventer Robb & Kloss.) in Laboratory

Authors

  • Christine Nofriaeti Lusiana Sinaga Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara
  • Maryani Cyccu Tobing Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara
  • Mukhtar Iskandar Pinem Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara

Keywords:

Ocimum sanctum, Rattus argentiventer, rodentisida nabati

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efikasi pestisida nabati daun ruku-ruku (Ocimum sanctum) terhadap mortalitas tikus sawah (Rattus argentiventer) di laboratorium. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Pengendalian Hama Vertebrata Balai Besar Perbenihan dan Proteksi Tanaman Perkebunan (BP2TP) mulai Desember 2015 sampai Februari 2016. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap Non Faktorial dengan tiga ulangan. Hasil penelitian diperoleh tingkat konsumsi umpan tertinggi pada perlakuan 60% kandungan ruku-ruku dalam umpan (19,33g) dan terendah terdapat pada perlakuan kontrol (13,67g) pada 1hari setelah aplikasi (hsa). Persentase mortalitas tertinggi terdapat pada perlakuan 60% kandungan ruku-ruku dalam umpan dan terendah terdapat pada perlakuan kontrol pada 18 hsa. Perilaku tikus sawah yang diamati yaitu istirahat (46,64%), menggigil (15,06%), menyusur lantai (13,87%), menggigiti kandang (8,39%), menggigiti tempat makan/minum (6,75%), gerakan salto berulang (5,79%), kurang nafsu makan (1,86%), tidak aktif bergerak (0,98%), dan keluar darah pada mata/hidung (0,66%).

 

The objective of this research was to study the efficacy of botanical pesticide Ocimum sanctum leaves on rice field rat mortality in laboratory. This research was conducted in Laboratory of Vertebrate Pest Control Balai Besar Perbenihan dan Proteksi Tanaman Perkebunan (BP2TP), Medan (± 25 m asl) from December 2015 until February 2016.The method used Randomized Complete Design non Factorial with three replications. The results showed that O. sanctum leaves affected reduction in body weight of Rattus argentiventer. The highest bait consumption was showed on 60% O.sanctum in bait (19.33 g) and the lowest control (13.67 g) on first day after application. The highest 60% O. sanctum in bait mortality percentage (16.67%) and the lowest was showed on control (0.00%) on day eighteen after application. Behaviour of rats rest (46.64%), shiver (15.06%), along the floor (13.87%), bitting cage (8.39%), bitting food/water box (6.75%), repeat salto (5.79%), lack of appetite (1.86%), inactivity (0.98%), and bleeding on eye/nose (0.66%).

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Published

2017-05-02