Intervention Effect Between Smartphone and the Knowledge in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients at Prof Chairuddin Panusunan Lubis General Hospital

Authors

  • Amira Permatasari Tarigan Division of Asthma-COPD, Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, 20155, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1744-1833
  • Andika Pradana Division of Intervention, Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, 20155, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7761-2086
  • Ella Rhinsilva Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, 20155, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6744-2546
  • Adini Arifah Ramadhani Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, 20155, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0009-0004-7138-7908
  • Benny Sihombing Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, 20155, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4974-3257
  • Nanda Soraya Monica Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, 20155, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0390-449X
  • Yeni Vera Department of Physiotherapy, STIKes, Siti Hajar, Medan, Indonesia, 20222, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32734/scripta.v5i2.14694

Keywords:

COPD, level of patient knowledge, smartphone application

Abstract

Background: Health applications can assist in managing chronic patients such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). A smartphone application “Paru Sehat” is expected to help COPD patients increase their knowledge about the disease and its treatment. Objective: This study aims to examine the benefits of smartphone applications “Paru Sehat” on the level of knowledge of patients with the COPD about the disease and its treatment. Methods: A quasi-experimental studies were conducted in outpatient of stable COPD patients at Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine Universitas Sumatera Utara Hospital. This research was conducted from March to June 2022. A questionnaire which elaborated question about COPD and its treatment were used to evaluate the level of knowledge of participants before and after 3 months of using smartphone application “Paru Sehat”. Results: From a sample of 38 COPD patients, the average knowledge level of COPD patients before using the “Paru Sehat” application as 5.125; after using the smartphone application, it was 8.5625. The hypothesis test shows that the value of p = 0.000, indicating an increase in the level of knowledge about COPD and its treatment. Out of 38 patients, all research subjects were male with the most age being 60 to 70 years old, having a history of heavy smoking and the highest level of severity of COPD 2. Conclusion: “Paru Sehat” application can influence the knowledge of COPD patients about their illness and treatment as well as the patient's independence in dealing with their illness.

Keyword: COPD, level of patient knowledge, smarthphone application

Latar Belakang: Aplikasi kesehatan dapat membantu dalam menangani pasien kronis seperti Penyakit Paru Obstruktif Kronik (PPOK). Aplikasi smartphone “Paru Sehat” diharapkan dapat membantu pasien PPOK meningkatkan pengetahuannya tentang penyakit dan pengobatannya. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menilai manfaat dari aplikasi smartphone “Paru Sehat” untuk tingkat pengetahuan pasien PPOK mengenai penyakit dan pengobatannya.  Metode: Penelitian quasi eksperimental dilakukan pada pasien PPOK stabil rawat jalan di Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Rumah Sakit Universitas Sumatera Utara. Penelitian ini dilakukan antara bulan Maret 2022 hingga Juni 2022. Kuesioner yang berisi pertanyaan tentang PPOK dan pengobatannya digunakan untuk mengevaluasi tingkat pengetahuan peserta sebelum dan sesudah 3 bulan menggunakan aplikasi smartphone “Paru Sehat”. Hasil: Dari sampel 38 pasien PPOK, rata-rata tingkat pengetahuan pasien PPOK sebelum menggunakan aplikasi smartphone “Paru Sehat” adalah 5,125; setelah menggunakan aplikasi smartphone menjadi 8.5625. Uji hipotesis menunjukkan nilai p = 0,000 yang menunjukkan adanya peningkatan tingkat pengetahuan tentang PPOK dan pengobatannya. Dari 38 pasien, seluruh subjek penelitian berjenis kelamin laki-laki dengan usia terbanyak yaitu 60 hingga 70 tahun, memiliki riwayat perokok berat dan tingkat keparahan PPOK 2 tertinggi (GOLD 2). Kesimpulan: Aplikasi “Paru Sehat” dapat mempengaruhi pengetahuan pasien PPOK tentang penyakitnya dan pengobatannya serta kemandirian pasien dalam menghadapi penyakitnya.

Kata Kunci: Aplikasi smartphone, PPOK, tingkat pengetahuan pasien

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Published

2024-02-29

How to Cite

1.
Tarigan AP, Pradana A, Rhinsilva E, Ramadhani AA, Sihombing B, Monica NS, Vera Y. Intervention Effect Between Smartphone and the Knowledge in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients at Prof Chairuddin Panusunan Lubis General Hospital. SCRIPTA SCORE Sci Med J. [Internet]. 2024Feb.29 [cited 2024Jun.24];5(2):105-12. Available from: https://talenta.usu.ac.id/scripta/article/view/14694