Article Withdrawal Policy

Journal editors, in principle, cannot independently choose which articles to publish. The journal's editorial board's policies guide editors in publishing decisions, while applicable legal requirements related to defamation, copyright infringement, double publishing, and plagiarism limit them. As far as possible, published articles will remain extant, exact, and unaltered. However, certain circumstances may require the withdrawal or even deletion of published articles. Only exceptional circumstances should warrant such actions.

Journal editors, authors, and/or their institutions can initiate the retraction of published articles. In certain cases, an apology for previous mistakes and/or expressions of gratitude to those who revealed the error to the author must accompany the retraction. The retraction of published scientific articles necessitates a declaration to refrain from publishing the original article and refrain from using the data and conclusions as a foundation for future research.