A Review of Literature on Lean Manufacturing Tools and Implementation Based on Case Studies


  • Yoga Prawira Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sumatera Utara
  • Aulia Ishak Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sumatera Utara
  • Anizar Anizar Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sumatera Utara




Continuous Improvement, Lean Manufacturing, Literature Review, Manufacturing, Waste


This research focuses on reviewing the Lean Manufacturing (LM) implementation which is widely applied in the manufacture company to overcome or reduce waste. The aim of this article is to find out more about the influence on the industry sector. This research was developed by collecting research from indexed databanks of Scopus, Science direct, ResearchGate, etc. This review study is significant to identify the application of lean manufacturing in dealing with waste through implementation into several case studies. A total of 24 articles were selected, taking into account criteria such as keywords, article titles and publications of international publishers, which were selected through a systematic process. This study found that the application of lean manufacturing is a method that brings many advantages that work by minimizing losses and waste, and the Value Stream Mapping method is more often used as part of several Lean Manufacturing techniques to identify and analyze the occurrence of waste while providing solutions that lead to improvement. process and cost reduction.


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S. Panigrahi, K. K. Al Ghafri, W. R. Al Alyani, M. W. Ali Khan, T. Al Madhagy, and A. Khan, “Lean manufacturing practices for operational and business performance: A PLS-SEM modeling analysis,” International Journal of Engineering Business Management, vol. 15, Jan. 2023, doi: 10.1177/18479790221147864.

R. Sekhar, N. Solke, and P. Shah, “Lean Manufacturing Soft Sensors for Automotive Industries,” Applied System Innovation, vol. 6, no. 1, Feb. 2023, doi: 10.3390/asi6010022.

M. F. M. Sam, B. Suprapto, and K. A. Bakar, “Application of Lean Manufacturing Tools: The Impact on Kaizen and Product Defection in Packaging Companies,” in Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH, 2022, pp. 424–433. doi: 10.1007/978-981-16-8954-3_40.

W. Rodrigues Verçosa and M. Andrade Coelho, “Evaluation of Lean Manufacturing Practices in an Automotive Component Manufacturer,” Revista Gestão da Produção Operações e Sistemas, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 29–56, Jun. 2022, doi: 10.15675/gepros.v17i2.2853.

N. Y. G. Lai et al., “Understanding Learning Intention Complexities in Lean Manufacturing Training for Innovation on the Production Floor,” Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, vol. 8, no. 3, Sep. 2022, doi: 10.3390/joitmc8030110.

K. Jayawardane, S. Musthaffa, and M. Dias, “Impact of Lean Manufacturing on Inventory Turnover Performances: Evidence From the Sri Lankan Apparel Industry,” in MERCon 2022 - Moratuwa Engineering Research Conference, Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2022. doi: 10.1109/MERCon55799.2022.9906192.

G. Saleem, “Impact of Lean Manufacturing on Organizational Performance through a Moderating Role of ERP,” South Asian Management Review, pp. 51–65, Oct. 2022, doi: 10.57044/samr.2022.1.2.2212.

N. ANGIN and Ç. TAŞDEMİR, “Identification of internal dynamics of Türkiye’s furniture industry in the context of lean manufacturing integration maturity,” Business & Management Studies: An International Journal, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 483–501, Jun. 2022, doi: 10.15295/bmij.v10i2.2034.

A. Colim et al., “Lean manufacturing and ergonomics integration: Defining productivity and wellbeing indicators in a human–robot workstation,” Sustainability (Switzerland), vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 1–21, Feb. 2021, doi: 10.3390/su13041931.

K. A. El-Namrouty, “Seven Wastes Elimination Targeted by Lean Manufacturing Case Study ″Gaza Strip Manufacturing Firms″,” International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 68, 2013, doi: 10.11648/j.ijefm.20130102.12.

R. Muslimen, S. M. Yusof, and A. S. Z. Abidin, “A case study of lean manufacturing implementation approach in Malaysian automotive components manufacturer,” in Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, 2013, pp. 327–335. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-2317-1_27.

M. Adzrie, K. Elcy, R. M. Joselyn, N. Mohd-Lair, and F. O. Chai, “Implementation Selected Tools of Lean Manufacturing,” in Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Institute of Physics Publishing, Jun. 2020. doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1529/4/042007.

O. Oleghe and K. Salonitis, “Variation Modeling of Lean Manufacturing Performance Using Fuzzy Logic Based Quantitative Lean Index,” in Procedia CIRP, Elsevier B.V., 2016, pp. 608–613. doi: 10.1016/j.procir.2016.01.008.

S. Nallusamy, G. B. Dinagaraj, K. Balakannan, and S. Satheesh, “Sustainable green lean manufacturing practices in small scale industries-A case study,” 2015. [Online]. Available: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283749171

F. Abu, H. Gholami, M. Z. M. Saman, N. Zakuan, D. Streimikiene, and G. L. Kyriakopoulos, “An sem approach for the barrier analysis in lean implementation in manufacturing industries,” Sustainability (Switzerland), vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 1–18, Feb. 2021, doi: 10.3390/su13041978.

S. Sadiq, M. S. Amjad, M. Z. Rafique, S. Hussain, U. Yasmeen, and M. A. Khan, “An integrated framework for lean manufacturing in relation with blue ocean manufacturing - A case study,” J Clean Prod, vol. 279, Jan. 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123790.

N. A. A. Rahman, S. M. Sharif, and M. M. Esa, “Lean Manufacturing Case Study with Kanban System Implementation,” Procedia Economics and Finance, vol. 7, pp. 174–180, 2013, doi: 10.1016/s2212-5671(13)00232-3.

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M. Naeem, N. Ahmad, S. Hussain, B. Nafees, and A. Hamid, “IMPACT OF LEAN MANUFACTURING ON THE OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE: EVIDENCE FROM TEXTILE INDUSTRY,” Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 951–961, Jun. 2021, doi: 10.18510/hssr.2021.9393.

W. Ul Hameed, H. Qudsia Yousaf, S. Ahmad Sabir, and S. Kousar, “International Journal of Management Research and Emerging Sciences LEAN MANUFACTURING AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE: A CASE OF MALAYSIAN AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0,” vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 109–119, 2020, [Online]. Available: http://ijmres.pk/

B. Makhanya, H. Nel, and M. Karen Masemola, “Applications of Lean Manufacturing in a manufacturing company in South Africa Cost of Quality and Quality Management View project Applications of Lean Manufacturing in a manufacturing company in South Africa.” [Online]. Available: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/353732397

M. Moghadam Arjmand, M. Rahiminezhad Galankashi, and S. Ahmad Helmi, “Leanness Assessment in an Auto Parts Manufacturer.”

Y. Klochkov, A. Gazizulina, and K. Muralidharan, “Lean six sigma for sustainable business practices: A case study and standardisation,” International Journal for Quality Research, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 47–74, 2019, doi: 10.24874/IJQR13.01-04.

A. R. Rahani and M. Al-Ashraf, “Production flow analysis through Value Stream Mapping: A lean manufacturing process case study,” in Procedia Engineering, Elsevier Ltd, 2012, pp. 1727–1734. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2012.07.375.



How to Cite

Prawira, Y., Ishak, A. ., & Anizar, A. (2024). A Review of Literature on Lean Manufacturing Tools and Implementation Based on Case Studies. Jurnal Sistem Teknik Industri, 26(1), 11-21. https://doi.org/10.32734/jsti.v26i1.11489