KAJIAN NAUNGAN, TARAF PUPUK UREA DAN VARIETAS KEDELAI (Glycine max L.) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI TANAMAN KEDELAI SEBAGAI TANAMAN SELA DI AREAL PERTANAMAN KELAPA SAWIT MENGHASILKAN

Authors

  • Napitupulu Asima Kementerian Pertanian Jakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32734/jpt.v4i1.3065

Keywords:

Soybean, shade, N dosage, soybean variety, and oil palm

Abstract

The aims of this research were to analyze morpo_physiology changing of soybean under
the oil palm area; determine the effect of shading and N fertilizer dosage on the growth and yield
of soybean under the oil palm area, and determine suitable soybean varieties that enable
grow and produce under oil palm. The experiment located in Ujung Labuan Village, Deli
Serdang District. The experiment was arranged in Split-split Plot Design 3 x 4 x 3 with
3 replication, with three factors observed: 1) shade level, consist of: under 4 years old
oil palm, under 6 years old oil palm, open area, 2) N dosage: 200 kg urea/ha, 150 kg/ha,
100 kg urea/ha, 0 kg urea/ha, 3) soybean variety: Anjasmoro, Burangrang, and
Grobogan. Plant height, leaf area, plant dry weight, and soybean production were
determined. The result showed there were some significant effects of interaction factors
between oil-palm canopy shading, N dosage and soybean variety on growth and yield of
soybean. The highest growth and production of soybean found in open areas. Between 4
years old oil palm and 6-7 years old oil palm, soybean growth, and production are
insignificant different and lower than those on the opening area. N dosage makes some
significant effects on growth and yield of soybean, which is usually nonsignificant
between 150 kg Urea/ha or 200 kg Urea/ha. Meanwhile, soybean variety makes some
significant effects. At the open area, burangrang make the highest growth and production by
application of 200 kg urea/ha, but under oil palm, the highest production found at
Burangrang under 4 years old oil palm and application of 200 kg urea/ha, followed by
several treatments that are insignificantly different.

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Published

2017-04-01

How to Cite

Asima, N. . (2017). KAJIAN NAUNGAN, TARAF PUPUK UREA DAN VARIETAS KEDELAI (Glycine max L.) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI TANAMAN KEDELAI SEBAGAI TANAMAN SELA DI AREAL PERTANAMAN KELAPA SAWIT MENGHASILKAN. Jurnal Pertanian Tropik , 4(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.32734/jpt.v4i1.3065